People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Antanosy in Madagascar


Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Antanosy in Madagascar map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
793,000 Malagasy, Tanosy Christianity 53.00 % 0.84 % No   

Antanosy in Madagascar

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
The Tanôsy people live primarily in the Anôsy region in south-west Madagascar, between the Mandrare and the Manantenina rivers. Anôsy means "the island region", and Tanôsy means "the people of Anôsy." Fort Dauphin is the main city in the area, also called Taolañaro or Faradofay.

Around 1845, after the Merina people from central Madagascar conquered Anosy, a large group of Tanôsy emigrated westwards towards the Onilahy river, where they settled on land seized from the Bara and Mahafaly people. The Tanôsy are increasingly infiltrating the land in between these two areas, which is traditionally a Tandroy area.

Their main economy lies in cattle-raising, agriculture, and fishing. They are known to be hard-working, and have often been taken to the Mascareignes to work on the plantations there.

The literacy rate is estimated at less than 30%. Some church schools and NGO's complement the inadequate governmental structures in providing literacy training.

The Tanôsy originally followed a strong caste system, the noble caste being descendants of Zafi-Raminia, a dynasty of the 13th century, who were immigrants from the Middle-East. Their kings held absolute power. In time however the different castes have tended to even out.

Most Tanôsy practise a traditional religion, praying to Zañahary and to their ancestors. There are many different religious and cultural ceremonies and rituals for every area of life, including marriage, birth, healing, spirit (tromba) possession and death. Famorana, the circumcision ceremony, is held every 7 years.

Today it is estimated that about 40 percent of the Tanôsy practice Christianity, mostly Roman Catholic and Lutheran. There seems to be a historic resistance to what is seen as a Merina religion, as the Merina conquered and dominated the region in the 19th century.

View Antanosy in all countries.

Prayer Links
  Submit Update:
Country: Madagascar
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, East and Southern
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Atsimo-Andrefana, Anosy, and Androy regions; southeast coast, south of Onilahy river; Atsimo-Atsinanana region: south of Ibara, Mahafaly area and northeast.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
Submit Map:
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Antanosy
People Name General: Antanosy
ROP3 Code: 100384
Joshua Project People ID: 10346
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 793,000
Population all Countries: 793,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Malagasy
People Name General: Antanosy
Ethnic Code: MSY44j
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Malagasy, Tanosy (793,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): txy    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Sub-division:Protestant
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity53.00 %(Evangelical: 0.84 %)
Ethnic Religions38.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam9.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent20.00 %
Protestant45.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic35.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a larger relative representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 2014
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Malagasy, Tanosy
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Antanosy in Madagascar

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Malagasy     Africa, East and Southern    
      Antanosy Madagascar    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Antanosy in Madagascar          
      Religion Language  
      Christianity     Malagasy, Tanosy  
    All Religions                              

Direct link: