People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Arab, Omani in Oman

Arab, Omani

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Arab, Omani in Oman map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,164,000 Arabic, Omani Spoken Islam 2.00 % 1.20 % No No   

Arab, Omani in Oman

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
Arabs have inhabited the territory that is now Oman for thousands of years. In the eighteenth century an alliance of traders and rulers transformed Muscat (Oman's capital) into the leading port of the Persian Gulf.

Oman is one of the hottest countries in the world with temperatures often reaching 130 degrees F. It was an extremely poor country until oil was discovered there in 1964. The Omani Arabs make up over half of Oman's total population. Over one and a half million other Omani Arabs live in other areas of the Middle East and East Africa. The Omani are set apart from other ethnic groups by their unique use of the Southeast Asian Colloquial Arabic language and by their culture. They have a reputation for being generous and polite, while remaining impersonal.

What are their lives like?
Most Omani Arabs live in farming villages that are located in either the fertile valleys of Oman's mountainous interior, or along the eastern coast. Interior farmers grow dates, fruits, and grains, while coastal villagers either fish in the Gulf of Oman or work on date palm plantations. Village homes are usually made of concrete blocks, mud stones, or wood and palm thatch.

In rural areas, men wear white robes, turbans, and knives in brightly colored sashes. Women wear long black dresses over their more colorful inner clothes. Some wear black masks to cover their faces. Sandals are worn by both men and women.

The Omani Arabs live in extended family units. Their society is patriarchal, or male-dominated. The men do not abuse this authority because they believe that their families should obey them out of respect, rather than fear. Also, there are clearly defined roles for both men and women. The men work outside in the fields while women work in the homes. Men and women often eat separately and never pray together. While men worship at mosques, women attend ceremonies conducted at home. Most marriages are pre-arranged by the parents.

Many Omani Arabs are nomads who travel from place to place with their herds of camels, goats, horses, and sheep. Only a small percentage of the Omani live in cities and towns. Their lifestyle has a wider variety of occupations, weaker family ties, greater freedom for women, fewer arranged marriages, and fewer social pressures to conform to religious practices. They are concerned less with hospitality and more with property, wealth, and education. Most live in older whitewashed houses and are employed as officials, laborers, merchants, and sailors. An increasing number of them are also working in the petroleum industry.

In 1970, Oman's new sultan introduced several developmental programs to help modernize the country. These included developing the oil industry; building new roads, hospitals and schools; allowing girls to attend school; and establishing adult literacy programs.

What are their beliefs?
While virtually all Omani Arabs are Muslims, they are segregated into three Islamic sects: Ibadi Isam (Oman's state religion), Sunni, and Shiite. Three-fourths of the Omani Arabs in Oman belong to the Ibadaya sect. The Ibadis live primarily in the mountainous regions of Oman. The Sunnis live in the coastal villages and the Shiites are located in the cities.

The Omani standard is to accept others on their terms. For example, they view anything less than excessive generosity as rudeness. Sunnis are welcomed by the Ibadis with Sunni greetings. Even Christians are tolerated as long as they are not Muslim converts.

What are their needs?
Very few of the Omani of Oman are Christian. Prayer is the key to effectively reaching this people with the Gospel.

Prayer Points
* Pray that God will provide contacts, strategies, and wisdom for any missions agencies that are currently focusing on the Omani Arabs of Oman.
* Ask the Lord to strengthen, encourage, and protect the Omani Arab Christians.
* Pray that God will give these believers opportunities to share the love of Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin to break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Pray that strong local churches will be planted among the Omani Arabs.
* Pray for translation of the Bible to begin in this people group's primary language.
* Pray for the availability of the Jesus Film in the primary language of this people.

View Arab, Omani in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-12-01
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-12-22
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-06-09
  Submit Update:
Country: Oman
Continent: Asia
Region: Africa, North and Middle East
Persecution Rank:42 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Mainly in Hajar Mountains highlands; a few coastal regions.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
Submit Map:
Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Arab, Omani
People Name General: Arab, Omani
Alternate People Names:
Arabic, Omani SpokenOmani Arab
ROP3 Code: 100431
Joshua Project People ID: 10378
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 2,164,000
Population all Countries: 2,893,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Arab World
People Cluster: Arab, Arabian
People Name General: Arab, Omani
Ethnic Code: CMT30
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Arabic, Omani Spoken (2,164,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): acx    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity2.00 %(Evangelical: 1.20 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam97.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small1.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican6.00 %
Independent7.00 %
Protestant15.00 %
Orthodox21.00 %
Other Christian11.00 %
Roman Catholic40.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsArabic Bibles Online
 
 
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Arab, Omani in Oman

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Arab, Arabian     Africa, North and Middle East    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Arab, Omani Oman    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Arab, Omani in Oman          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Arabic, Omani Spoken  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=10378&rog3=MU