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Arab, Omani in Somalia

Arab, Omani

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Arab, Omani in Somalia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
90,000 Arabic, Omani Spoken Islam 0.50 % 0.20 % No No   

Arab, Omani in Somalia

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Introduction / History
Omani Arabs represent a small percentage of Somalia's population. They are set apart from other Somalians by their use of the Arabic language and by their culture.

Although most Somalians are Sunni Muslims, virtually all Omani Arabs belong to a tiny Islamic sect called Ibadaya (an off-shoot of Kharijism). The Ibadis withdrew from mainstream Islam in the seventh century and relocated in Oman and several other countries, including Somalia. They are more literal in their interpretation and application of the Koran than most Muslims.

Somalia is the easternmost country in Africa, forming the outer edge of the African Horn. In the early 1990s, this small nation attracted world attention after drought and civil war led to widespread starvation there.

What are their lives like?
Omani Arabs in the south and northwest regions of Somalia usually live in rural farm villages. They grow bananas, citrus fruit, sugar cane, corn, cotton, and sorghum. A typical village consists of a cluster of homes made of stones or sun-dried mud. Some live in towns where they are employed as shopkeepers. The Omani often gather in the marketplaces to buy and sell goods and also to socialize. They love to tell stories, recite poems or verses from the Koran, and visit with their friends.

Many of the Omani are nomadic- or semi-nomadic herdsmen. They travel from place to place with their herds of camels, cattle, goats, and sheep. They live in small, collapsible huts made of arched wooden braces covered with skins and grass mats.

Omani Arabs live in extended family units. Their society is patriarchal, or male-dominated. The men do not abuse this authority because they believe that their families should obey them out of respect, rather than fear. Also, there are clearly defined roles for both sexes. Even the children are given gender-specific duties. The men work outside in the fields while women work in the homes. Men and women often eat separately and never pray together. While men worship at mosques, women attend ceremonies conducted at home by female religious leaders. Marriages are generally pre-arranged by the parents. Children are a considered the family's greatest asset because they provide the parents with additional laborers and social security.

The Omani eat mainly dairy products, camel and goat meat, rice and other grains, and a variety of fruits and vegetables. Tea and coffee are their favorite beverages. Islamic law forbids them to eat pork or to drink alcohol. Most of the Omani wear traditional Arab clothes. Men wear white robes, turbans, and knives in brightly colored sashes. The women wear long, black dresses over colorful inner clothes. Some of them also wear black masks to cover their faces.

During 1992, Somalia was in a state of anarchy. The country's economy collapsed completely and the educational system was also severely affected.

What are their beliefs?
Islam is the state religion in Somalia, and most Somalians are Sunni Muslims who practice a moderate form of Islam. However, the Omani belong to the Ibadaya (Kharijite) sect. All Muslims, including the Ibadaya, recite prayers five times a day while facing Mecca. They also observe the prescribed fasts, give alms to the poor, and try to make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca.

The Omani standard is to accept others on their terms. For example, they view anything less than excessive generosity as rudeness. Even Christians are tolerated as long as they are not Muslim converts.

What are their needs?
There are only a handful of known Omani Arab Christians in Somalia. Prayer is the key to penetrating these precious people with the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

Prayer Points
* Pray that the Lord will send forth many laborers into the harvest fields of Somalia.
* Ask God to give the few Omani believers living in Somalia opportunities to share the Gospel with their own people.
* Ask God to soften the hearts of Omani Arab to the Gospel as it is presented to them.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through intercession.
* Pray that strong local churches will be raised up among Omani Arabs in Somalia.
* Pray for translation of the Bible to begin in this people group's primary language.
* Pray for the availability of the Jesus Film in the primary language of this people.

View Arab, Omani in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-01-06
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Country: Somalia
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, East and Southern
Persecution Rank:3 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Arab, Omani
People Name General: Arab, Omani
Alternate People Names:
Arabic, Omani SpokenOmani Arab
ROP3 Code: 100431
Joshua Project People ID: 10378
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 90,000
Population all Countries: 3,172,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Arab World
People Cluster: Arab, Arabian
People Name General: Arab, Omani
Ethnic Code: CMT30
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Arabic, Omani Spoken (90,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): acx    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.50 %(Evangelical: 0.20 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.50 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent10.00 %
Protestant25.00 %
Orthodox45.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic20.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsArabic Bibles Online
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Arab, Omani in Somalia

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Arab, Arabian     Africa, East and Southern    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Arab, Omani Somalia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Arab, Omani in Somalia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Arabic, Omani Spoken  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=10378&rog3=SO