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Assamese (Muslim traditions) in India

Assamese (Muslim traditions)

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Assamese (Muslim traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
3,172,000 Assamese Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % No   

Assamese (Muslim traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
Unlike most people groups featured in the Joshua Project website, the Muslim Assamese are a collection of Muslim peoples who live in the northeast Indian state of Assam. They make up roughly one third of the population of Assam.

One group of Assamese Muslims is indigenous Hindus who converted to Islam during the 14th century and later periods. Another group were Bengali farmers who were encouraged to come to Assam and work on the tea plantations during the British period. Yet another group of Muslims have come in recent years to escape their poverty in Bangladesh to the relative wealth of Assam. Another group are the descendants of Muslim soldiers who came to fight in Assam and decided to stay there.

The rapid growth of Muslims in Assam has not always pleased the majority Hindu citizens. There have been anti-Muslim riots. In 1983, 2000 Muslims were killed in a massacre.

Most Muslim Assamese are in involved with agriculture. They grow rice, maize, oil seeds, sugarcane, wheat and seasonal vegetables. Some work in their traditional job of brass metalworking. Others work in small commerce and trade.

The primary language of the Assamese Muslims is Assamese. Others speak Bengali and other regional languages of India.

Where are they located?
The vast majority of the Assamese Muslims live in Assam in northeast India.

What are their lives like?
The Muslims of Assam are different than other Muslims of India and the world. They participate in Hindu festivals and customs. Another unusual practice of these Muslims is that their daughters can inherit property from their father. Still another unusual occurrence is Muslim fathers who allow their daughters to marry Hindu men. Orthodox Muslim fathers would not allow this to happen.

The main foods of the Assamese Muslims are rice, wheat, vegetables, dairy products and maize. They eat neither beef nor pork.

What are their beliefs?
As was stated earlier, the Assamese Muslims practice both Muslim and Hindu traditions of their neighbors.

The Assamese Muslims are officially Sunni, the largest branch of Islam. They attempt to obey the teachings of the Qur 'an and the prophet Muhammad. They believe that by following the Five Pillars of Islam that they will attain heaven when they die. Sunnis pray five times a day facing Mecca. They fast the month of Ramadan. They attend mosque services on Friday. If a Muslim has the means, he or she will make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in his or her lifetime.

The two main holidays for Sunni Muslim are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the monthly fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah.

At the same time, the Assamese Muslims celebrate the main Hindu holidays of Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the celebration of autumn.

What are their needs?
The Muslim Assamese need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way than can understand. They need protection from the Hindu majority who at times perpetrate violence against them. The Hindus and Muslims of Assam must learn to understand and each accept each other.

Prayer Points
Pray that the Lord moves the Assamese Muslims to seek protection in Him not in weapons or violence.
Pray for Muslim Assamese families and communities to discover and embrace the free gift of life found by trusting Christ and his finished work.
Pray that many of the Assamese people will come to love God with their whole being and will walk in His ways.


View Assamese (Muslim traditions) in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-09-01
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:3,172,000
Largest States:
Assam (3,088,000)Nagaland (22,000)
Arunachal Pradesh (12,000)Manipur (9,200)
Meghalaya (7,600)Tripura (5,600)
West Bengal (2,700)Mizoram (900)
Delhi (500)Maharashtra (300)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Assamese (Muslim traditions)
People Name General: Assamese (Muslim traditions)
Alternate People Names:
Asomia MuslimAsomiya Musalman
Thalua Musalmanअस्सामएसए (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
ROP3 Code: 100567
Joshua Project People ID: 10461
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 3,172,000
Population all Countries: 3,174,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Muslim - other
People Name General: Assamese (Muslim traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Assamese (2,633,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): asm    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (67,000)Meitei (2,500)
Urdu (1,000)Boro (700)
Khasi (200)Dimasa (70)
Rabha (50)Deori (50)
Kok Borok (20)Tiwa (Unknown)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 14
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1822-1974
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1833-2022
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Assamese
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoThe Path of Light
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Assamese
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Assamese
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Assamese (Muslim traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Muslim - other     Asia, South    
      Assamese (Muslim traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Assamese (Muslim traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Assamese  
    All Religions                              

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