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Banjar in Indonesia


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Banjar in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
4,383,000 Banjar Islam 0.09 % 0.04 % No   

Banjar in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The southern and eastern coast of Kalimantan is home to the Banjar people, who live along the rivers from the interior rainforest to the coastal cities. The majority of Banjar live in Southern Kalimantan, but there are also significant Banjar populations in East Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, Malaysia and Riau Province. The Banjar language and speech is difficult for other Indonesians to understand. However, a person can quickly learn the marketplace language because it is always used in daily life in Southern and Eastern Kalimantan. Although they are devout Muslims and known for their strong and proud Muslim identity, the Banjar proudly trace their origins to a Hindu kingdom, the Nagara Dipa. Contemporary ethnic cultural traditions developed from a combination of Java, Malay and Dayak cultures. Buddhism, then Hinduism and finally Islam were introduced from Java into South Kalimantan. In 1526, Banjar Prince Samudera accepted Islam and took the name of Sultan Suriansyah as a condition of receiving help from a Javanese army in overthrowing his uncle.

What are their lives like?
Banjarmasin, the capital city of South Kalimantan, is located 22 kilometers from the Java Sea. Since portions of the city are below sea level, the city rises and falls with the tides. Lanting (houses on stilts) line the multiple waterways, which crisscross the city. Taking a small klotok (motorized boat) around the rivers and canals shows a wide variety of activity: people bathing, washing laundry, gossiping and buying fruit, vegetables and fish from female vendors in small canoes. The Banjar people seldom move to other areas of Indonesia. They tend to marry and settle near their parents or other relatives in Kalimantan. Most find their livelihood through farming or plantation work near the rivers. Trade, transport and mining are also prominent occupations. Many Banjar work in traditional manual sawmills, but are reluctant to work in plywood factories because of the unhealthy conditions.

What are their beliefs?
The pervasiveness of Islam in Banjar society influences every aspect of individual and family life. Religion is the primary force in controlling crime, such as thievery and gambling. Banjar identity is inseparable from the Islamic religion. At the same time, traditional animistic beliefs prevail. These beliefs teach that certain supernatural powers reside in objects such as stones, trees and mountains. The Islamic celebrations and month-long fast of Ramadan are rigorously observed. The most famous building in Banjarmasin is the Agung Sabilal Muthadin Mosque, located in the center of the city. Since the period of Dutch colonialism, the Banjar have looked suspiciously on government schools as attempting to secularize their children. Modern Islamic schools claiming identity as government schools have been developed since independence.

What are their needs?
The Banjar do not look positively on modern methods and technologies nor do they mix much with other groups. This isolation has limited their development of education, health care and water purification. In the interior, villages have a limited infrastructure for distribution of crops and goods. The proliferation of coal, diamond and gold mines has also created tension throughout Kalimantan.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-07-07
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-06-05
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-06-24
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-06-01
Short daily prayer updates at Pray4TheBanjar
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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:33 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Kalimantan south and southeastern coasts, Java Sea and Makassar Strait; Kalimantan Tengah Province as far as Pangkalanbun, Sampit, and Palangkaraya; Kalimantan Selatan Province, around Banjarmasin, to south then east; Kalimantan Timur Province, coastal regions of Pulau Laut, Kutai, and Pasir, north towards Samarinda city and Mahakan delta; smaller region, Kalimantan Barat Province, coastal Matua.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Banjar
People Name General: Banjar
Alternate People Names:
Banjar MalayBanjar Melau
BanjareseBanjay Malay
ROP3 Code: 101002
Joshua Project People ID: 10658
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 4,383,000
Population all Countries: 4,411,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Banjar of Kalimantan
People Name General: Banjar
Ethnic Code: MSY44k
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Banjar (4,383,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): bjn    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.03 % 
Christianity0.09 %(Evangelical: 0.04 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.02 % 
Islam99.85 % 
Non-Religious0.01 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 2006-2019
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoAnimated short Scripture videos in Banj ...
Film / VideoJesus Film segments in Banjar
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Banjar
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
Text / Printed MatterBible: Banjar
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Banjar in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Banjar of Kalimantan     Asia, Southeast    
      Banjar Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Banjar in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Banjar  
    All Religions                              

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