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Mandailing in Indonesia

Mandailing

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Mandailing in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,233,000 Batak Mandailing Islam 0.09 % 0.09 % No No   

Mandailing in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Mandailing are part of the Batak cluster in North Sumatra Province. The Mandailing are a majority in the regencies of South Tapanuli and Mandailing Natal and also in a few districts of Labuhan Batu Regency. They also live in the neighboring areas of Rokan Hulu, Riau Province and Pasaman, West Sumatra Province. The Mandailing are often called the South Tapanuli, after their main home area. This name (Tapanuli Selatan) is sometimes shortened to Tapsel. The Mandailing language is different than languages spoken by the surrounding people groups in the Batak cluster, such as the Angkola, Dairi, Toba, Simalungun, Karo, etc.

What are their lives like?
Most Mandailing people are wet rice farmers. A Mandailing person who leaves home will look for land and a house as expressed in the proverb "halului anak halului tana" (children and land). Children and land are viewed as sources of personal pride (sahala hasangapon) that cause one to receive status and respect. Someone who successfully settles in another area is esteemed very highly. Mandailing villages are called huta. Traditionally, the huta leader holds control of the land and only gives permission to members of the village to work the land. Members who own land are only allowed to work it; they are not allowed to sell it without permission from the leader and a discussion with other community residents.

What are their beliefs?
The Mandailing people's religion in ancient times was a mixture of Hindu beliefs and a local traditional religon called Parmalin. Almost all Mandailing have been Muslims ever since Minangkabau Muslims forcibly introduced Islam. Many of their traditions have been adapted to Islam. The Batak peoples generally have three key ideas about the body and soul. First, tondi is the spirit of a person. The tondi can be temporarily separated from the body if a stronger and greater being (sombaon) takes it away. If this happens, a special ceremony is performed to return the tondi to the body of its owner. Second, sahala is the quality and amount of spiritual power that a person has. Third, begu are the spirits of the dead. They live in a reverse world: What people do during the day, the begu do at night. The Mandailing strongly identify themselves with the Islamic religion. This is a distinct departure from other Batak people groups which are predominantly Christian. The Mandailing constantly have to explain the fact that they are Muslims, since most Indonesians believe that all Batak peoples are Christian.

What are their needs?
The Mandailing need to develop agriculture and education. Many are leaving their home area to continue studies or to find a better life. The area is rich in natural resources such as zinc, sulphur, limestone, granite, gold, copper, tin, petroleum and kaolin. There is tremendous potential that should be professionally developed, but investment is needed in order for this to happen. Better business and trade needs to be developed.

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Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-06-12
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-06-11
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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:30 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:3
Location in Country:Sumatera Utara Province; southern interior area extending from Padang Sidempuan, across borders with Riau and Sumatera Barat provinces.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Mandailing
People Name General: Mandailing
Alternate People Names:
Batak MandailingBatta
Mandailing Batak
ROP3 Code: 101126
Joshua Project People ID: 10721
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,233,000
Population all Countries: 1,264,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Batak-Nias of Sumatra
People Name General: Mandailing
Ethnic Code: MSY44b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Batak Mandailing (1,233,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): btm    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.09 %(Evangelical: 0.09 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.91 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent15.00 %
Protestant70.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic15.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoFinal Night
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
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Mandailing in Indonesia

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Batak-Nias of Sumatra     Asia, Southeast    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Mandailing Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Mandailing in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Batak Mandailing  
    Global    
Language
 
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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=10721&rog3=ID