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Mandailing in Malaysia


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
31,000 Batak Mandailing Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % No   

Mandailing in Malaysia

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Introduction / History
The Mandailing are often called the South Tapanuli, after their main home area. This name (Tapanuli Selatan) is sometimes shortened to Tapsel. The Mandailing language is different than languages spoken by the surrounding people groups in the Batak cluster, such as the Angkola, Dairi, Toba, Simalungun, Karo, etc.

Where are they located?
The Mandailing are part of the Batak cluster in Indonesia's North Sumatra Province. The Mandailing are a majority in the regencies of South Tapanuli and Mandailing Natal and also in a few districts of Labuhan Batu Regency. They also live in the neighboring areas of Rokan Hulu, Riau Province and Pasaman, West Sumatra Province. A smaller number live in Malaysia.

What are their lives like?
Most Mandailing people are wet rice farmers. A Mandailing person who leaves home will look for land and a house as expressed in the proverb "halului anak halului tana" (children and land). Children and land are viewed as sources of personal pride (sahala hasangapon) that cause one to receive status and respect. Someone who successfully settles in another area is esteemed very highly. Mandailing villages are called huta. Traditionally, the huta leader holds control of the land and only gives permission to members of the village to work the land. Members who own land are only allowed to work it; they are not allowed to sell it without permission from the leader and a discussion with other community residents.

What are their beliefs?
The Mandailing people's religion in ancient times was a mixture of Hindu beliefs and a local traditional religion called Parmalin. Almost all Mandailing have been Muslims ever since Minangkabau Muslims forcibly introduced Islam. Many of their traditions have been adapted to Islam. The Batak peoples generally have three key ideas about the body and soul. First, tondi is the spirit of a person. The tondi can be temporarily separated from the body if a stronger and greater being (sombaon) takes it away. If this happens, a special ceremony is performed to return the tondi to the body of its owner. Second, sahala is the quality and amount of spiritual power that a person has. Third, begu are the spirits of the dead. They live in a reverse world: What people do during the day, the begu do at night. The Mandailing strongly identify themselves with the Islamic religion. This is a distinct departure from other Batak people groups which are predominantly Christian.

What are their needs?
The Mandailing need to develop agriculture and education. Many are leaving their home area to continue studies or to find a better life. The area is rich in natural resources such as zinc, sulphur, limestone, granite, gold, copper, tin, petroleum, and kaolin. There is tremendous potential that should be professionally developed, but they first need investments before this can happen.

Prayer Points
* Pray for His kingdom to come and His will to be done among the Mandailing people in both Indonesia and in Malaysia.
* Pray for a movement of Mandailing households to study the Bible and accept the blessings of Christ.
* Pray for a spiritual hunger that will drive the Mandailing people to the arms of Jesus.
* Pray for workers who are filled with the fruit and the power of the Holy Spirit to go to the Mandailing people.
* Pray for completion of Bible translation in this people group's primary language.


View Mandailing in all countries.

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Country: Malaysia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:46 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:States of Selangor and Perak
(Source: Wikipedia article)
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Mandailing
People Name General: Mandailing
Alternate People Names:
Batak MandailingBatta
Mandailing Batak
ROP3 Code: 101126
Joshua Project People ID: 10721
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 31,000
Population all Countries: 1,278,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Batak-Nias of Sumatra
People Name General: Mandailing
Ethnic Code: MSY44b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Batak Mandailing (31,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): btm    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 2020
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoFinal Night
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Batak Mandailing
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Mandailing in Malaysia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Batak-Nias of Sumatra     Asia, Southeast    
      Mandailing Malaysia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Mandailing in Malaysia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Batak Mandailing  
    All Religions                              

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