People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Bengkulu in Indonesia


Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Bengkulu in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
68,000 Malay, Central Islam 0.03 % 0.03 %   

Bengkulu in Indonesia

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
The Bengkulu people live in the city of Bengkulu, the capital of the province of Bengkulu in the southwestern portion of the island of Sumatra. More Bengkulu live in the city than in the villages. The Bengkulu are descended from the union of multiple ethnic groups who have migrated to the area, including the Malay, Minangkabau, Acehnese, Bugis, Banten and Javanese. Bengkulu Malay is part of the Malay language cluster. Historically, the name Bangkahulu (Bengkulu) testifies to a great military victory in which their ancestors successfully expelled a superior military force of Acehnese invaders.

What are their lives like?
The Bengkulu generally work as store clerks, ship builders, mechanics, construction contractors and government workers. There are now fewer Bengkulu people than immigrants living in the city of Bengkulu. It is actually hard to meet a Bengkulu person in the city of Bengkulu. The Bengkulu line of descent is traced through both parents. The most important family unit is the extended family. It is composed of those related to the grandparents, including grandfather, grandmother, mother and father, sisters and brothers, children and grandchildren. Male relatives are called meghanai and female relatives are called kelewai. Family members are responsible for each other's activities, which makes them sepangka (bound together). The family ties resulting from marriage are called tiang garang. Every extended family has a respected and esteemed leader who is called ninik mamak. All the ninik mamak from the extended families form a council to lead the Bengkulu community. There is another influential group besides the council called the menengkalak which is made up of the clan's intellectuals, walthy and high ranking government officials. If there is conflict, they try to resolve it by seeking consensus through discussion. In general, they live in wooden homes, raised on stilts and painted and decorated with special Bengkulu motifs. The staircase is in the front of the house and the vacant space under the house is usually enclosed. Their arts are very similar to those found in other Malay groups. For instance, the Bengkulu Malay sing and perform the randai dance, the umbrella dance, the candle dance, the plate dance and the handkerchief dance.

What are their beliefs?
The majority of the Bengkulu are Muslim. However, they still hold certain traditional ceremonies and rituals according to their older animistic beliefs. These animistic ceremonies are focused on seeking protection from spirits by defeating them and driving them out, both good and evil spirits. They hold a ceremony at harvest time called Tabot, held from the first to tenth day of the first month of the Muslim calendar called Muharam. This festival is held to pay respect to the Sea Dragon so that the fisherman will not suffer misfortune while at sea.

What are their needs?
They need better technology and increased investment to better manage their fishing and boat making. Malaria is still a great problem as well. They need better knowledge on how to better build and maintain their homes so that they can endure the harsh coastal storms.

View Bengkulu in all countries.

Prayer Links
  Submit Update:
Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Sumatra island, Sumatera Selatan Province; east down Lematang and Ogan river valleys, south of Muaraenim town, east and southeast of Lahat town; Bengkulu Province; central Bukit Barisan highlands west to Indian Ocean along Bengkulu coast; Lampung Province, 4 separate enclaves.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
Submit Map:
Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Bengkulu
People Name General: Bengkulu
Alternate People Names:
Bengkulunese Malay
ROP3 Code: 101255
Joshua Project People ID: 10791
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 68,000
Population all Countries: 68,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Minangkabau-Rejang of Sumatra
People Name General: Bengkulu
Ethnic Code: MSY44k
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Malay, Central (68,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pse    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Bengkulu
Dialect Code:7971
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.03 %(Evangelical: 0.03 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.97 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: Yes
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Malay, Central
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Bengkulu in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Minangkabau-Rejang of Sumatra     Asia, Southeast    
      Bengkulu Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Bengkulu in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Malay, Central  
    All Religions                              

Direct link: