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Bhojpuri Bihari in Fiji

Bhojpuri Bihari

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Bhojpuri Bihari in Fiji map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
28,000 Bhojpuri Hinduism 15.00 % 1.00 %   

Bhojpuri Bihari in Fiji

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Introduction / History
The Bihari of Fiji are immigrants from India. As a result of depressed social conditions in India during the late 19th and early 20th century, numerous Indian Hindus and Muslims signed five-year contracts to work as indentured servants in the Fiji Islands sugar cane fields.

However, the traumatic move pushed them into even greater economic turmoil in a strange land. Herded into a ship's cramped quarters, they were forced to eat, drink, and live next to people of every caste. Such close associations threatened their own caste identity. The plantation system in Fiji and the native Fijians, who looked on them with contempt, further added to the loss of their Indian value systems. When their contract was completed, many leased land and remained as peasant farmers, and as the years passed, most Bihari lost their ties with India. Today, most of Fiji is a mixture of groups with a variety of different social, ethnic, and religious origins.

What are their lives like?
The original tenant structure was supposed to be small enough so the tenant could farm the holding without outside help. Although it is possible for a farmer to grow most of the rice and vegetables his family needs, this rarely happens. Instead, farmers buy what they need and go into debt until the harvest brings in their yearly income. Bihari farmers commonly hire assistants to cut their share of cane.

Sugar cane and rice are the major crops, and these are counted on for economic survival. Today, most Bihari farmers still lease their land. Almost all cane farmers have either horses or bulls as work animals and all families have at least one milk cow for their own use.

The quality and materials making up the various farm buildings vary according to the owner's wealth. Structures may be only small thatched huts with dung-plastered floors or they may be larger, well-built iron-roofed houses.

Rural Bihari Indians generally live on isolated homesteads scattered throughout areas where land is available for lease. These homesteads make up a settlement (a geographic term that does not necessarily identify a single social community). A settlement headman is responsible for keeping order in the isolated rural areas and for reporting serious offenses to the district government (Fiji is part of the British Commonwealth).

A country store is usually nearby, and these are social centers as well as supply stations. The Bihari generally construct schools for their own children, who often surpass their Fijian counterparts. A small urban population, composed of shopkeepers, tailors, or other trades, has evolved among the Bihari.

What are their beliefs?
Typical Hindu roles of caste and religion appear to be modified on Fiji. In India an individual is born into a particular caste associated with a trade or profession. These castes are ranked from high to low in terms of purity or pollution. One could marry only within one's caste and members of different castes usually have nothing to do with one another. On Fiji, however, marriage according to caste is no longer mandated.

Religious association is a definite barrier, and tension does exist between the Bihari Hindus and Muslims. Both cultures normally keep obvious religious prohibitions. For example, following Hindu belief, most Hindus are reluctant to sell cattle for slaughter. And although both Muslims and Hindus generally observe feasts, fasts, festivals, and holy days, they have less significance for the whole community.

What are their needs?
Few of the Bihari are Christians. Hindus represent the majority and Muslims make up much of the remainder. Scriptures have been translated into Bihari, and the Jesus film is available in the Bihari language.

Prayer Points
Pray that God will strengthen and protect the small number of believers among the Bihari in Fiji.
Pray that their lives will be a strong witness for the Gospel.
Ask God to reveal Himself to the Bihari through the Christians among them.
Ask God to create a hunger in the hearts of the Bihari and an openness to the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers to the Bihari in Fiji.
Pray for the effective use of the Jesus film.
Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of Bihari Hindus and Muslims towards Christians so they will be receptive to the Gospel.
Ask the Lord to raise strong local churches among the Bihari.

View Bhojpuri Bihari in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-06-09
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Country: Fiji
Continent: Oceania
Region: Australia and Pacific
10/40 Window: No
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Bhojpuri Bihari
People Name General: Bhojpuri Bihari
Alternate People Names:
Indo-Mauritian MuslimMarathi
UrduUrdu Speakers
ROP3 Code: 101368
Joshua Project People ID: 10823
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 28,000
Population all Countries: 86,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
People Name General: Bhojpuri Bihari
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Bhojpuri (28,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): bho    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity15.00 %(Evangelical: 1.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism65.00 % 
Islam20.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1911-1982
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Bhojpuri
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Bhojpuri
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Bhojpuri Bihari in Fiji

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - other     Australia and Pacific    
      Bhojpuri Bihari Fiji    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Bhojpuri Bihari in Fiji          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Bhojpuri  
    All Religions                              

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