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Bugis in Indonesia


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Bugis in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
5,666,000 Bugis Islam 0.55 % 0.01 % No   

Bugis in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Bugis (sometimes called the Ugi) live in the province of South Sulawesi. The Bugis region is called Tellumponcoe and it consists of the regencies of Bone, Soppeng and Wajo (which is also known by the acronym "Bosowa".) There are Bugis who have settled throughout the regencies of Luwu, Sidenneng, Polam, Pinrang, Pare-pare, Barru, Pangkajene, Maros, Bulukumba and Sinjai. The Bugis are dynamic, highly mobile people, considered to be the dominant people group in South Sulawesi. Many Bugis have left their home area to seek success and wealth and have moved to Sumbawa, Java, Papua and even Malaysia. Their Ugi language has several dialects: Luwu, Wajo, Bira Selayar, Palaka, Sindenreng and Sawito. The Bugis language is part of a larger linguistic grouping called the Bugis which also includes the Campalagian and two Dayak people groups in Kalimantan island (Taman and Embaloh).

What are their lives like?
Most Bugis make their living by hunting, fishing, farming, raising livestock, or making handicrafts. Typically, the Bugis who live in the mountain ranges make their livelihood by working the soil, while those living along the coastal regions work as fishermen. The Bugis traditional dress is called a Wajo Ponco, which is believed to have originated from Malaysia. This type of dress is used only for traditional ceremonies and dances. The Bugis believe very strongly that certain days are special, with good fortune for events and activities held on the first Wednesday and last Thursday of each month. Conversely, they consider Saturday to be a bad day, more likely to bring misfortune. In Bugis society, there are several social classes based on one's ancestors. These different levels include descendants of a king, nobles (La Patau), district administrators (Aru Lili) and various kinds of slaves. Two of the most important cultural values for the Bugis are called siri (personal honor) and siri-pesse (communal honor). A Bugis person must defend, maintain and build one's own siri. The effort to obtain and maintain siri varies according to the context. For example, in an economic context, siri means working hard and being faithful. If one's siri is offended, serious forms of revenge will be considered. Islam reinforced the traditional Bugis concept of siri in such a way that the typical Bugis person sees siri as the key to his or her self-identity as a Bugis muslim. The Bugis line of descent is bilateral (traced through both parents). After marriage, the newlyweds may choose to live near either the husband's or the wife's family, although initially, they live at least briefly near the wife's family.

What are their beliefs?
The Bugis are well known for their fervent adherence to Sunni Islam. However, many of them are still bound to their traditional system of animistic beliefs (panngaderreng). Traditional culture has a significant impact on the Bugis due to its religious values.

What are their needs?
At present, the Bugis need financial investment and modernization in public shipping and the fishing industry. There is great potential in these sectors. South Sulawesi's potential in the mining and industrial sectors is also largely untapped due to a lack of expertise and investment.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-06-17
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-05-12
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-06-09
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-06-27
Pray for Sulawesi
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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Sulawesi island, widespread in Sulawesi Selatan Province, peninsular interior (except for area south and east of Makassar city) eastward through to head of Bone bay, contiguous coastal area; scattered communities generally on various coasts and interior enclaves in other provinces, including Sulawesi Tenggara Province, interior near Sulawesi Tenggara, Lake Towuti, along east coast of Bone bay, 3 enclaves, Kasiputih area facing Muna island; Sulawesi Tengah Province, west side, areas at Oti, Toaya, and Donggola; east side, 3 enclaves on Tolo bay; Sulawesi Barat Province, Mandar bay, 2 more enclaves (More, Pasangkayu) along Makassar strait; possible other small concentrations in Kalimantan, Maluku, Papua, and Sumatra provinces.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Bugis
People Name General: Buginese
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 101703
Joshua Project People ID: 10985
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 5,666,000
Population all Countries: 5,822,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Bugi-Makassar of Sulawesi
People Name General: Buginese
Ethnic Code: MSY44c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Bugis (5,666,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): bug    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.01 % 
Christianity0.55 %(Evangelical: 0.01 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.41 % 
Islam98.99 % 
Non-Religious0.04 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent15.00 %
Protestant15.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic70.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1863-1994
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1900-1997
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFinal Night
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Bugis
Film / VideoMalam Terakhir
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Bugis in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Bugi-Makassar of Sulawesi     Asia, Southeast    
      Buginese Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Bugis in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Bugis  
    All Religions                              

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