People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Chak in India

Chak

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Chak in India map

Flash Map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
300 Bengali Buddhism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Chak in India

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
The Chak people are one of the least known Buddhist people groups in the world. There has been very little research done on them. The Ethnologue lists the Chak people, but it does not identify what linguistic family the Chak language belongs to. It is most likely part of the Tibeto-Burman family, related to other small languages in the area such as Dainet and Thet. The Chak are not the same as the large Chakma Buddhist group of Bangladesh, who speak a language from the Indo-European family.

Several small Buddhist ethnic groups live near the temple ruins of Mrauk-U in Rakhine State, Myanmar. Mrauk-U was once the center for one of Myanmar's most powerful kingdoms. Founded by the Rakhine king Minzawmun in 1433, Mrauk-U grew in influence throughout central Myanmar and the Indian subcontinent, becoming a center of wealth and commerce. The kings of the dynasty even hired Japanese samurai as bodyguards to quell the threat of assassination. The splendor of the Mrauk-U dynasty started to fade in the 1780s, but during its 352 years Buddhism made an impact on all people groups in this area—as a cultural way of life as much as a religious one. Small tribes such as the Chak, Dainet and Thet have remained strong Buddhists to this day.

Where are they located?
Most of the Buddhist Chak people live either in Myanmar or Bangladesh, but a few live in India.

What are their lives like?
The Chak people are agricultural-based and are self-sustained by their own resources from food to residences. Although they are a very small in population size, the Chak livelihood is very colorful and traditional especially in celebrating festivals and observing rituals related to marriage, childbirth, death and funeral. They celebrate many religious and folk festivals throughout the year. Their society is patriarchal; only the sons inherit the family property.

What are their beliefs?
Chaks often worship Hindu gods and goddesses like Luxmi or Waigya, although they are Buddhist. They celebrate many religious and folk festivals throughout the year. The majority Chak people in India practice Buddhism, the major world religion based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama or the Buddha which teaches one can gain spiritual knowledge and escape the endless cycles of reincarnation. To most Buddhists, however, these things have far less meaning than their traditional beliefs, which are usually animistic. In animism, evil spirits must be appeased through prayers, sacrifices and rituals. Buddhism allows people to mix Buddhist teachings with traditional religion. In additional to various of forms of worship, the Chak also has very unique compositions and practices for ceremonial performances of songs seeking divine blessings for maintaining class harmony and welfare for a newborn baby.

What are their needs?
Being a small and close knit ethnic group, their rich traditional culture is permeates into all spheres of life. This uniqueness gives them a separate identity and strong inter-class harmony. It also posts challenges to bring in new ideas into the community.

Prayer Points
* Pray for the Holy Spirit to move among Chak family and community leaders in India to seek His face.
* Pray for the Lord to thrust out workers who will be compelled to see a disciple making movement among the Chak people.
* Pray for Chak leaders to embrace the blessings that their community can enjoy by being part of Christ's kingdom.

References
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/11291/IN
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/11291/BM
http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Chak,_The
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chak_people

View Chak in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:300
Largest States:
West Bengal (200)Delhi (100)
   
 
Maps
Submit Map:
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Chak
People Name General: Chak
Alternate People Names:
ChaakChakar
Sakचक, ठेत
ROP3 Code: 101968
Joshua Project People ID: 11291
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 300
Population all Countries: 5,300
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Buddhist
People Name General: Chak
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Bengali (300 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ben    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religions:
Buddhism100.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 1800-1980
New Testament:
1801-1984Audio
Complete Bible: 1832-2016
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Bangla Version (F ...
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Mussolmani Versio ...
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament- Common Version (FC ...
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Bengali
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Love Story
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoIndigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Bengali
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
Film / VideoThe Savior 3 - Woman at the Well
Film / VideoThe Savior 8 - Jesus is Risen
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
GeneralWalk with the Prophets and meet the Mess ...
Mobile AppDownload Audio Bible app as APK File fro ...
Mobile AppDownload Audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version (SuperBible)
Text / Printed MatterBible: Mussulmani-Bangla, Kitabul Mukkad ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Standard Bangla Common Language
Text / Printed MatterBible: কিতাবুল মোক ...
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path (Bengali)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Chak in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    South Asia Buddhist     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Chak India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Chak in India          
      Religion Language  
      Buddhism     Bengali  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=11291&rog3=IN