People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Chakma in India


Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Chakma in India map

Flash Map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
260,000 Chakma Buddhism 4.88 % Unknown   

Chakma in India

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
The Chakma are not the same as the smaller Chak tribe, who live south of them. The Chakma inhabited the Chittagong Hill Tracts since long before the region became part of the Mughal empire in 1666. Buddhism flourished in Bangladesh from the 5th to 12th centuries. Since the 13th century, Buddhism has been confined to the Chittagong area. Chakma people inhabit Bangladesh and adjoining areas of northeast India. In India the Chakma are a scheduled (official) tribe that lives in the northeastern states near Bangladesh.

What are their lives like?
In Bangladesh they have long found themselves at odds with the predominantly Muslim Bengalis. The construction of the Kaptai Dam in the 1960s caused 18,000 Chakma people to lose their homes, and that may be the origin of the present problems. Since the mid-1970s the Chakma have been involved in a secretive guerilla war against Bangladeshi soldiers. The fighting stems from the influx of large numbers of Bengali settlers, who have moved into the Chittagong area and taken over Chakma land by force. The Bengali government does little to stop the illegal settlers, and the Chakma have fought back out of frustration as they see their lives being rapidly destroyed. Thousands of Chakma have been killed, hundreds of women and girls raped, and Buddhist temples smashed and looted. Tens of thousands of Chakma refugees have fled across the border into India. The Chakma people live in a part of India where there are believers nearby, and not just any believers, but people who follow Christ with all their hearts.

What are their beliefs?
The Chakma are officially Buddhists, but at the family level they worship Hindu deities like Lakshmi and Ganga. Buddhist monks from other Buddhist communities, act as religious teachers and performs Buddhist rites.

According to the India Missions Association, 7,275 Chakma in India are Christians. Overall, the troubled Chakma people remain an unreached and unevangelized people group.

What are their needs?
The Chakma people in India need a safe place to make a living and raise families. They need protection from those who want to do them harm. Experiencing turmoil and an uncertain future, they need the inner peace and hope that only faith in Christ can bring.

Prayer Points
Pray for the Lord to provide justice, mercy and salvation to the Chakma people in India.

Pray that the trauma they face will make them look to the sovereign Lord for protection.

Pray for the Lord to thrust out workers to the Chakma people in Bangladesh and India.

Peoples of the Buddhist World, Asia Harvest, Copyrighted © Used with permission

View Chakma in all countries.

Prayer Links
  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:260,000
Largest States:
Mizoram (114,000)Tripura (109,000)
Assam (23,000)Arunachal Pradesh (9,000)
Meghalaya (1,200)West Bengal (600)
Delhi (100)Nagaland (60)
Submit Map:
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Chakma
People Name General: Chakma
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 101976
Joshua Project People ID: 11293
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 260,000
Population all Countries: 817,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Chakma
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Chakma (125,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ccp    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (55,000)Kok Borok (23,000)
Darlong (8,500)Mizo (3,000)
Assamese (1,900)Khasi (600)
Chin, Paite (400)Chin, Mara: Lakher (300)
Hindi (200)Chin, Hakha (200)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 45
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religions:
Buddhism82.66 % 
Christianity4.88 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism11.96 % 
Islam0.14 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.15 % 
Unknown0.21 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 4   Greater than or equal to 2% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 1924-1955
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Chakma
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chakma
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Chakma
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Chakma in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Chakma India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Chakma in India          
      Religion Language  
      Buddhism     Chakma  
    All Religions                              

Direct link: