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Chepang, Tsepang in Nepal

Chepang, Tsepang

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Chepang, Tsepang in Nepal map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
67,000 Chepang Hinduism 10.25 % Unknown No No   

Chepang, Tsepang in Nepal

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Introduction / History
The Chepang are one of the more isolated tribal groups of Nepal and India. In Nepal they live in the Lothar Khola region, east and west of Kandrang Garhi. They also inhabit the valleys washed by the Male Khila River, in the mid-region of the Mahabharat Mountains. The altitude of this region is between 4,000 to 6,500 feet above sea level, producing a cool and pleasant climate in the summer and a chilly climate in the winter. Destruction of the forests and the demands of an increased population have caused vast land erosion, threatening their environment and their unique culture.

The origin of the Chepang is unclear, but there are numerous legends that tell of their relationship to Lav, son of the Hindu god, Rama. Unlike the Brahmins and the Tamangs, the Chepang are quite short in stature and have Mongoloid features. They have flat noses, black hair, and are relatively thin. Although they are no longer a nomadic tribe, the Chepang still maintain their own separate and unique tribal identity.

What are their lives like?
For over a thousand years, the Chepang lived in very poor conditions. In the 20th century, their quality of life began to improve due to the development of progressive agricultural techniques. Before they began to settle in villages, the Chepang led a nomadic life, doing some fishing and hunting. Today, they live in sheds made of tree branches and cultivate crops such as maize and millet. They still have customs akin to nomadic life, such as using traps to catch birds and gathering various forest products.

Their habitat is suitable for raising livestock, but unfortunately, they do not possess enough practical knowledge to be successful. They primarily raise goats, cows, bulls, pigs, and occasionally a few buffalo. For at least half of the year, they eat quite well as a result of their agricultural efforts. However, for the other half of the year, they exist on the products of the forests and remain suspended on the edge of starvation. Some Chepang hire themselves out as laborers in various areas away from their villages.

The Chepang live as extended family units, often with three generations living in the same house. If a family has many sons, or if a son has many wives, the men will live separately with their wives and children. The family structure is patrilineal (line of descent traced through the males) and predominantly patriarchal (male dominated), but the mother plays an important social role.

Marriage among the Chepang is an extremely extravagant affair and more complicated than among other Nepalese hill tribes. When a child is born, the mother is considered polluted; the household must observe cleansing rituals for eight days. On the ninth day, the child is given a name. Twenty-two days after birth, the mother is considered purified and is allowed to resume her participation in any social, religious, or community gatherings.

The Chepang are without a distinct tribal costume, partly as a result of their past nomadic traditions. The men wear loin cloths and vest-like clothes called bhotos, while the women wear saris (wrap-around dresses) and cholos (full sleeved blouses). Bangles made of glass and plastic, along with various hair ornaments, are worn by women to show their marital status.

What are their beliefs?
The Chepang are primarily ethnic religionists. However, they have integrated many beliefs and practices from other religions into their own unique system. Many rituals are performed and a variety of deities are worshipped. An important ritual the Chepang observe is known as the Kulain Puja, which involves the worship of dead ancestors.

What are their needs?
It seems that while some of the Chepang may have heard of Jesus Christ, they still do not have a concept of a creator God or of sin. Many have never seen a Bible, and there are only a handful of believers.

Prayer Points
* Ask God to raise prayer teams who will begin breaking up the spiritual soil through worship and intercession.
* Pray that the doors of Nepal will soon open to missionaries.
* Pray that God will provide greater freedom to live and work among the Chepang.
* Ask God to strengthen, encourage, and protect the small number of Chepang Christians.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a strong Chepang church for the glory of His name!

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Country: Nepal
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:32 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:67,000
Largest Provinces:
Narayani (47,000)Bagmati (15,000)
Gandaki (3,900)Kosi (300)
Lumbini (200)Bheri (90)
Janakpur (90)Sagarmatha (40)
Mechi (20)Rapti (10)
Total Provinces on file:10
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Chepang, Tsepang
People Name General: Chepang
Alternate People Names:
ChewangChybang
Eastern TsepangKachharge
PrajaTsepang
चेपंग
ROP3 Code: 102072
Joshua Project People ID: 11322
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 67,000
Population all Countries: 68,000
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Nepali-Pahari
People Name General: Chepang
Ethnic Code: CNN25k
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Chepang (49,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): cdm    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Nepali (20,000)Bhujel (200)
Nepalese Sign Language (10)
Total Languages: 4
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism19.55 % 
Christianity10.25 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism70.08 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.12 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1977
New Testament:
1993
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Chepang, Tsepang in Nepal

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Nepali-Pahari     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Chepang Nepal    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Chepang, Tsepang in Nepal          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Chepang  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=11322&rog3=NP