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Chopi in Mozambique


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Chopi in Mozambique map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,163,000 Chopi Ethnic Religions 35.00 % 3.84 %   

Chopi in Mozambique

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Introduction / History
The Chopi people speak Chichopi, which is a Bantu language, and the younger generation also speak Portuguese, the official language of Mozambique.

They are well known for their use of the timbila instrument and their accompanying skill in traditional dancing.

Where are they located?
They are mainly located on the coast between Chidenguele in the province of Gaza and Inharimme in the province of Inhambane. The center of the Chopi people group is the Zavala district, and specifically the town of Quissico.

What are their lives like?
The Chopi generally live a life of subsistence agriculture growing staples such as cassava, corn, and peanuts, and they also fish. They eat what they grow and go to local markets to sell their produce and buy other things. Their stretch of the Mozambican coast has an abundance of coconut palms as well as many cashew trees.

Many of the men work over the border in South Africa in the mines, leaving many households with several generations of women. The women work in the fields, take care of children, get water, cook, clean, and sell produce at the markets.

What are their beliefs?
The majority of Chopi function under a traditional animistic belief system where local witchdoctors and healers have spiritual authority in the communities. Ancestors are worshipped, and pacified when angered. Animal sacrifices are important to obtain favor with spirits that one may have good crops, health, peace, and success. Ropes, strings, and cords are also tied around the body under the clothes (especially at the neck and waist, and for babies also at the wrists) for spiritual protection and success.

There are also many Chopi that belong to the African independent church called Zione (locally mazione) which combines teachings of the Old Testament of the Bible and traditional rituals for purification, different forms of "baptisms" and demonic exorcism. The prophets where colorful robes and utilize spiritual objects that are said to contain power, such as special ropes and staffs. Most are polygamist and they do not eat pork.

There are a few Catholic and Protestant churches, but many of the church members would continue to function, at some level, under traditional animistic belief system alongside of their church practices.

What are their needs?
The Chopi need to know that the Creator God is all powerful and that He loves them. They need to truly and deeply understand His salvation in Christ and His victory over Satan, demons, and darkness. They, like all other people, need incarnational missionaries who enter in and dwell amongst them to be, do, and speak God's grace and truth in Christ Jesus.

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Country: Mozambique
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, East and Southern
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Inhambane province: south Zavala district; Gaza province: 100 km coastal strip between Inharrime and Chidunguela; Maputo province. Center is Quissico.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Chopi
People Name General: Chopi
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 102188
Joshua Project People ID: 11368
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,163,000
Population all Countries: 1,163,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Bantu, Central-Southeast
People Name General: Chopi
Ethnic Code: NAB57p
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Chopi
Language Code (ISO): cce    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity35.00 %(Evangelical: 3.84 %)
Ethnic Religions65.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent25.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic75.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1910-2011
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 2017
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Chopi
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Chopi in Mozambique

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Bantu, Central-Southeast     Africa, East and Southern    
      Chopi Mozambique    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Chopi in Mozambique          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Chopi  
    All Religions                              

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