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Cujareno, Mashco Piro in Peru

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Cujareno, Mashco Piro in Peru map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
300 Mashco Piro Ethnic Religions 2.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Cujareno, Mashco Piro in Peru

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Introduction / History
The Mashco Piro is a small isolated tribe in Peru. Though long uncontacted, they made distant communication in the summer of 2013 with the Yine tribe across the Las Piedras river where they live. The event was tense and the tribe apparently asked for (or demanded) bananas, rope and machetes. The Yine responded by sending over a canoe with bananas, which the Mashco then collected. FENAMAD agents prevented the Mashco from crossing the river to ensure that contact with the Yine would not harm the group. Soon after the exchange, the group left the area.

"In 1894, most of the Mashco-Piro tribe was slaughtered by the private army of Carlos Fitzcarrald, in the upper Manú River area. The survivors retreated to the remote forest areas. The sightings of the Mashco-Piro tribe members increased in the 21st century." 1

Interaction with the group has been very infrequent and sometimes violent on both sides. Loggers killed some of the tribe in the 1980s.

"Mashco-Piro were blamed later in 2011 for the wounding of one forest ranger and the killing of a Matsiguenka Indian who had long maintained a relationship with them and provided them with machetes and cooking pots." 2

Where are they located?
They live in the Ucayali Region and Upper Purús Region in Southeastern Peru, close to the border with Brazil and Bolivia. They live on the banks of the Las Piedras River in the Alto Purús National Park in huts constructed of palm leaf. In the rainy season, they retreat to huts in the rain forest.

What are their lives like?
Because of their isolated existence, little is known about their way of life. Members of the tribe wear very little clothing. Men, women and children alike wear only a yellowish brown cloth above the waist and perhaps arm and leg bands of the same color. They have medium stature and athletic build. All have straight black hair worn shoulder length or longer.

Men probably hunt with the weapons they have been seen carrying, such as bow and arrow, as well as spears. Part of their diet consists of turtle eggs, retrieved from the river banks.

The neighboring Yine say that illegal loggers are encroaching on Yine and Mashco Piro land, probably provoking the recent boldness in asking for food from the Yine. A road has also been constructed near their land, decreasing their living space.

The government of Peru prohibits contact with the tribe to protect them from illnesses they may not be immune to.

The Mashco Piro language is somewhat similar to that of their Yine neighbors.


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Country: Peru
Continent: South America
Region: America, Latin
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Madre de Dios region: Purús province; Upper Purús area.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Cujareno, Mashco Piro
People Name General: Cujareno, Mashco Piro
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 102328
Joshua Project People ID: 11444
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 300
Population all Countries: 300
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Latin-Caribbean Americans
People Cluster: Amazon
People Name General: Cujareno, Mashco Piro
Ethnic Code: MIR39d
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Mashco Piro (300 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): cuj    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity2.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions98.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic100.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 0   No evangelical Christians or churches. No access to major evangelical print, audio, visual, or human resources
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Cujareno, Mashco Piro in Peru

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Amazon     America, Latin    
      Cujareno, Mashco Piro Peru    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Cujareno, Mashco Piro in Peru          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Mashco Piro  
    All Religions                              

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