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Arab, Dhofari in Oman

Arab, Dhofari

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Arab, Dhofari in Oman map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
118,000 Arabic, Dhofari Spoken Islam 1.00 % 0.40 % No No   

Arab, Dhofari in Oman

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Introduction / History
The Dhofar region is subdivided into 9 wilayats. Its climate is dramatically different to the rest of Oman due to the effects of the monsoon rains (khareef) which arrive during the summer months, creating humidity and moderate temperatures of around 30 degrees Celsius. As a consequence, the area becomes lush and green, with waterfalls and rivers feeding the surrounding pastures. The mountain ridge, which receives the most rain, stretches for 400 km from east to west. During the khareef, springs gush forth and provide plentiful water supplies for much of the rest of the year. The fresh greenery is ideal for cattle grazing and livestock rearing is an important occupation in the area.

One of the most popular crafts is making majmars, the Dhofari-style incense burners, which are decorated in yellow, green, blue and red geometric designs.

The Dhofari people started large scale exploitation of frankincense 8000 years ago. Dhofari frankincense has played a very important role in commercial enterprises between the Arab regions and the Asian and African civilisations. Ancient Sumerian inscriptions refer to bokhur (incense) and it is thought that this incense travelled by ship from Oman to Sumer, Bahrain and parts of Iraq.

At the beginning of April each year, labourers harvest the crop of frankincense by making incisions in the olibanum (frankincense) tree. A sticky, milky white resin congeals on the trunk of the tree, which is harvested 14 days later. A second harvest will then be gathered, but this is generally of a lower standard to the initial batch. A third harvest releases a 'prime quality' frankincense which is yellow. One tree can yield between 10 - 20 kg of frankincense per season. The annual harvest of Dhofari frankincense can be as much as 7,000 tonnes which is worth around RO 3 million. Incense is used at Arabic wedding and birth ceremonies, as well as by the Vatican and Roman Catholic churches across the world.

Frankincense is not only used as incense, it also has certain medical properties. The people of Dhofar will add a few lumps of olibanum to their drinking water, which they believe acts as a diuretic and cleanses the kidneys. It is used to staunch internal and external bleeding, to aid in fat elimination and to cure forgetfulness. Aromatherapists use frankincense oil as an aid to depression and in Salalah, it is customary to waft the incense around the home before the household awakes in order to bring harmony to the inhabitants through the day. Frankincense also provides the added bonus of being an insect repellent.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-12-18
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Country: Oman
Continent: Asia
Region: Africa, North and Middle East
Persecution Rank:42 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Zufar governorate, Salala and nearby coastal regions.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Arab, Dhofari
People Name General: Arab, Dhofari
Alternate People Names:
DhofariDhofari Arab
ROP3 Code: 102582
Joshua Project People ID: 11546
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 118,000
Population all Countries: 118,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Arab World
People Cluster: Arab, Arabian
People Name General: Arab, Dhofari
Ethnic Code: CMT30
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Arabic, Dhofari Spoken (118,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): adf    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity1.00 %(Evangelical: 0.40 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam98.84 % 
Non-Religious0.16 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant20.00 %
Orthodox20.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic60.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsArabic Bibles Online
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Arab, Dhofari in Oman

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Arab, Arabian     Africa, North and Middle East    
      Arab, Dhofari Oman    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Arab, Dhofari in Oman          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Arabic, Dhofari Spoken  
    All Religions                              

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