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E in China


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E in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
44,000 E Ethnic Religions 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

E in China

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Although they have been classified as part of the large Zhuang nationality, the E cannot speak Zhuang. The Chinese call them Wuse, a derogatory name meaning "five colors." E is this group's autonym.

The north central part of Guangxi has long been a crossroads for many different races. Interaction between Han Chinese and minority people has resulted in the intermixing of ethnic groups such as the Mulao, Maonan, and Zhuang. These groups have many Chinese customs and linguistic influences. On the other hand, the Pinghua Chinese reveal many ethnolinguistic traits of minority groups.

The E celebrate the traditional Chinese festivals, the most important of which are the Spring Festival and the Chinese New Year.

Most E are animists, with many aspects of ancestor worship and traditional Chinese religions mixed into their rituals.

There are no known Christian fellowships or believers among the 19 E villages in northern Guangxi. The E still await the arrival of the gospel for the first time. Whitfield Guinness, a missionary-doctor who served in China until his death in 1927, summarized the condition of the lost tribes and individuals among whom he worked: "Men and women are toiling without a Bible, without a Sunday, without a prayer, without songs of praise. They have rulers without justice and righteousness; homes without peace; marriage without sanctity; young men and women without ideals and enthusiasm; little children without purity, without innocence; mothers without wisdom or self control; poverty without relief or sympathy; sickness without skillful help or tender care; sorrow and crime without a remedy; and worst of all, death without Christ."

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-08-21
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-06-19
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:27 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:More than 30,000 people in the northern part of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region speak the E (pronounced "Erh") language. Another study lists a figure of 50,000 E speakers in China. The E inhabit 19 villages in both Rongshui and Luocheng counties. Rongshui is an autonomous county of the Miao people, and Luocheng is an autonomous county of the Mulao nationality. The main population center of the E is in the town of Yongle. The region contains an abundance of beautiful karst hills and rock formations nestled among lush green pastures.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: E
People Name General: E
Alternate People Names:
Kjang EWesehua
ROP3 Code: 102811
Joshua Project People ID: 11672
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 44,000
Population all Countries: 44,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Tai
People Name General: E
Ethnic Code: MSY49z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: E (44,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): eee    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions90.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious10.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

E in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Tai     Asia, Northeast    
      E China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            E in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     E  
    All Religions                              

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