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Fula Jalon in Senegal

Fula Jalon

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Fula Jalon in Senegal map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
219,000 Pular Islam 0.05 % 0.01 %   

Fula Jalon in Senegal

People Group Video [7]
Source:  The Waiting WorldWatch
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Introduction / History
The Futa Jalon (also known as the Fula Jalon) are a large people group located in the western African nations of Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, and Senegal. A small population resides in Guinea Bissau. They are one of the sub-groups belonging to the vast Fulani cluster. Most of the Futa Jalon live in the Fouta Djalon of Guinea, an area of mountains and plateaus. They speak a language called Fouta Dyalon (or Fulbe), which belongs to the Niger-Congo language family.

Fulani herdsmen settled in the Fouta Djalon region over two hundred years ago, and have since spread throughout western Africa. Those who remained in the area became known as the Futa Jalon. Whether in Guinea, Sierra Leone, Mali, or Senegal, the culture of the Futa Jalon is virtually identical.

Senegal's Futa Jalon live in a small, tropical area with a brief wet season. Temperatures are extremely hot, and can reach above 100ºF. The forests are dense, and there are grassy plains along the plateaus of the Fouta Djalon that serve as part-time pastures for their herds.

What are their lives like?
Most of the Futa Jalon work as farmers and raise livestock. Cattle are raised in large numbers along with sheep and goats. Gathering, hunting, fishing, and trading are also part of their daily lives. Staple crops include millet, rice, and peanuts. Cattle herds, along with sheep and goats, are the primary livestock. The cattle are not the usual Fulani humped breed, but a native Fouta Djalon breed called Ndama, which is resistant to the disease-carrying tsetse fly.

There are clear labor divisions among the Futa Jalon. The men are responsible for herding the cattle, while the women milk the herds. Women also tend to other small livestock in addition to their garden work. The women often carry containers of milk and cheese to local markets to sell or trade.

Futa Jalon girls remain with their mothers until they marry. However, once a young man reaches puberty he leaves the family farm to prepare a home for his future family. A man's first marriage is usually arranged by his father, and the groom must offer bride-services to his wife's family by helping her father with his livestock. First marriages often take place in the man's early twenties. However, more marriages usually follow since, according to Muslim tradition, a man is permitted to have as many as four wives.

Futa Jalon children belong to "age-sets" until they marry. An age-set is a three or four year interval, with every child born in those years belonging to the same set. The children in an age-set usually work together in the community, and they go to school together. Each age-set has a head, a deputy, and a judge.

Futa Jalon villages are widely scattered throughout the Fouta Djalon region. Each village has a central court and a mosque. Houses belonging to the settled Futa Jalon are typically round with mud walls and thatched roofs. Each hut has an encircling veranda. The nomadic Futa Jalon live in open, beehive-shaped huts without walls or verandas. Each hut is surrounded by a cattle corral. In each village, a headman handles village affairs and answers to a chief.

What are their beliefs?
The Futa Jalon of Senegal are almost entirely Muslim. Keeping with traditional Islamic customs, they worship Allah and follow the teachings and instructions of the Koran, which is a collection of Mohammed's writings. Today, many of the Futa Jalon children attend Islamic schools. The Futa Jalon became rooted in their Muslim faith centuries ago and are very resistant to change.

What are their needs?
Evangelization efforts have not been very successful, and there are only a handful of known Futa Jalon Christians. Prayer is the key to seeing these precious people effectively reached with the Gospel.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Futa Jalon.
* Pray that God will give the small number of Futa Jalon believers boldness to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to create a hunger for the Truth within the hearts of the Futa Jalon.
* Pray for the salvation of Futa Jalon leaders who will boldly declare the Gospel to their own people.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the spiritual soil of Senegal through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth many fellowships of believers for the glory of His name!

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-02-06
Link Up Africa
Prayer Links
The Waiting World - The Fulani
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Country: Senegal
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Dakar; Sedhiou region: Casamance area. Seasonal work migrants from Guinea and elsewhere.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Fula Jalon
People Name General: Fula Jalon
Alternate People Names:
Fulbe Futa Jalon Futa Dyalon
Futa FulaFuta Jallon
Futa Jalon FulaniFuuta Jalon
Kebu FulaPeul
ROP3 Code: 103072
Joshua Project People ID: 11769
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 219,000
Population all Countries: 6,339,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Fulani / Fulbe
People Name General: Fula Jalon
Ethnic Code: NAB56c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Pular
Language Code (ISO): fuf    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.05 %(Evangelical: 0.01 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.95 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent15.00 %
Protestant5.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic80.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1929-2011
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Pular
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
Text / Printed MatterBible: Pular
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Fula Jalon in Senegal

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Fulani / Fulbe     Africa, West and Central    
      Fula Jalon Senegal    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Fula Jalon in Senegal          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Pular  
    All Religions                              

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