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Fulani, Fouta Tooro in Mali

Fulani, Fouta Tooro

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
81,000 Pulaar Islam 0.01 % 0.01 %   

Fulani, Fouta Tooro in Mali

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Introduction / History
The Fouta Toro are located in the Futa Toro Region of northeastern Senegal. In the Futa Toro region, temperatures range from 95 F to 104 F (35 C to 40 C) during the hottest season, and the air is very dry. Large mammals such as elephants, lions, and cheetahs are found in the region, as well as warthogs, monkeys, and dangerous snakes. The rivers are home to crocodiles, hippos, and many species of fish. The Futa Toro region is the richest agricultural district in Senegal because of its two yearly growing seasons. Many of the Fulanis of Futa Toro also live further east in neighboring Mali.

Where are they located?
The Futa Toro region of Senegal has attracted various peoples into its fertile land, and together they make up the Tokolor or Fulbe speaking peoples. The Fouta Toro are related to the Fulani people and speak a Fulani dialect. Fulani tribes are often grouped and named according to their locations and dialects. The Fouta Toro are semi-nomadic and live in the southern highlands, or jeeri; hence, their language is called Fulbe Jeeri.

What are their lives like?
nomadic peoples. The semi-nomadic Fouta Toro wander in bands and live in temporary camps. The Fula Toro people in Mali primarily farm, fish, and breed animals for their livelihood. Some have also become blacksmiths, leather workers, wood carvers, weavers, or potters while doing a small amount of farming.

The Fouta Toro are an entirely Muslim people, and this has greatly affected their traditions and customs. Many of them send their children to village schools to learn to pray and recite parts of the Koran. However, while some of them may go on to become priests and leaders of the Islamic faith, most only have a general knowledge of Islam and the Arabic language.

Among the Fouta Toro, marriage involves a payment for the bride, which is usually made with cattle. Polygamy is generally practiced up to the Muslim limit of four wives; however, many divorce and remarry. Each wife lives in a separate hut, and the husband moves among his wives.

The village is the principal focus of activity for the Fouta Toro people in Mali. Local disputes are handled by the village headman, who lives in the central court, and the imam (Muslim leader) from the mosque. A supreme chief serves as the head of a cluster of villages. His responsibilities include taxing the crops and herds, and settling disputes that cannot be settled by the village headman and imam.

What are their beliefs?
Virtually all of the Fouta Toro are Muslims, although they have kept many of their pre-Islamic beliefs in the spirit world, despite Islamic teachings that they can depend solely on Allah. They believe these spirits can reward or punish them according to what they do in this life.

What are their needs?
The New Testament has been translated into the Fulbe Jeeri language. Today, there are only a few known Fouta Toro believers. To successfully evangelize these people, we must pray that God will open their eyes to the truth.

Prayer Points
* Pray that God will call those who are willing to go to Senegal and Mali and share Christ with the Fouta Toro people
* Ask the Lord to give the Fula Toro believers boldness to share Christ with their own people.
* Pray that Fouta Toro elders will be led to Christ and, in turn, begin leading their families to Him.
* Ask the Lord to raise up a strong disciple making movement among the Fouta Toro people in Mali.


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Country: Mali
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
Persecution Rank:29 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Kayes region: northwest Kayes, Yelimané, Nioro, and Diema circles; Koulikoro region: Nara, northern Kolokani, and Banamba circles.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Fulani, Fouta Tooro
People Name General: Fulani, Fouta Tooro
Alternate People Names:
Futa ToroFuuta Tooro
ROP3 Code: 103074
Joshua Project People ID: 11770
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 81,000
Population all Countries: 755,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Fulani / Fulbe
People Name General: Fulani, Fouta Tooro
Ethnic Code: NAB56c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Pulaar (81,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): fuc    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.01 %(Evangelical: 0.01 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.99 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1982-1993
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Pulaar
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMore Than Dreams-Ali
Film / VideoMore Than Dreams-Dini
Film / VideoMore Than Dreams-Khalil
Film / VideoMore Than Dreams-Khosrow
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Fulani, Fouta Tooro in Mali

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Fulani / Fulbe     Africa, West and Central    
      Fulani, Fouta Tooro Mali    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Fulani, Fouta Tooro in Mali          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Pulaar  
    All Religions                              

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