People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Gharti in India


Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Gharti in India map

Flash Map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
25,000 Bengali Hinduism 3.90 % 1.36 %   

Gharti in India

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
The Gharti, (or Bhujel) are a Hindu people who live in Nepal and India. They consider themselves an offshoot of the Indian Chetti. The Chetti are the warrior class of Nepal. The Chetti make up the famous Gurkhas soldiers who have served with distinction in the British Army. The Gharti served royal families and nobles as slaves, palanquin-bearers (an enclosed litter), and water-carriers. Traditionally, the men were palanquin-bearers and the women water-carriers, but today most labor on farms.

Illiteracy is a problem for the Gharti. Their children often must quit school early and work along side their parents in the fields. Most Gharti live in poverty without access to modern conveniences like electricity and indoor plumbing.
The primary languages of the Indian Gharti are Bengali and Nepali. Whole Bibles and the JESUS film are available in both languages.

Where are they located?
The large majority of the Gharti people live in Nepal, but smaller numbers are scattered throughout India. Most Indian Gharti live in the states West Bengal, Sikkim and Assam.

What are their lives like?
The Gharti are part of the Sudra, the fourth caste of manual laborers. Most Gharti work in agriculture today. Some own land but others labor on land owned by higher castes. Most live in multi-caste, rural villages. Some sell handmade items such as bamboo mats and baskets at markets. They sell vegetables and fruit they grow in family plots of land.

The Gharti marry within their group. Families arrange marriages with the consent of the young people. Sons inherit property with the eldest son becoming the head of the family upon the death of his father. Gharti hire Brahmin priests to perform at important family rituals such as births, weddings and funerals.

In additions to being farm workers, some Gharti men are employed as security guards and shopkeepers. Some women work as domestics for wealthy people.

The main foods of the Gharti are rice, wheat, vegetables and fruit. They are not vegetarians but as Hindus they do not eat beef. Meat and fish are often reserved for holidays and festivals.

What are their beliefs?
The primary religion practiced by the Gharti is Hinduism, the predominant religious tradition of the Indian subcontinent. The Gharti people, for example, worship Hindu deities such as Kali, Lakshmi and Kanchyaga. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Gharti visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers and incense to their gods. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. The main yearly holidays of the Gharti people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday.

There is a tiny number of Gharti who have become believers.

What are their needs?
The Gharti need help in educating their children so that they can escape their cycle of poverty. The Gharti need to learn new job skills so that they can become a part of modern India. Most of all the Gharti need to hear and understand the life-changing gospel of Jesus Christ who alone can forgive their sin and give them new life.

Prayer Points
Pray for gospel workers to catch a vision for reaching the Gharti people in India for Jesus and that in God's sovereign timing their hearts would be open and ready to follow Him.
Pray for Jesus movements to bless extended Gharti families so the gospel will spread rapidly among this people group in both India and Nepal.
Pray for the spiritual lives of the Gharti people to become fruitful as they follow Christ.
Pray for the lives and culture of the Gharti people to evidence the rule and reign of the Kingdom of God as they open to the gospel, and for the beauty of Jesus to be seen in them.


View Gharti in all countries.

Prayer Links
  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:25,000
Largest States:
West Bengal (17,000)Sikkim (3,900)
Assam (3,700)Uttarakhand (90)
Uttar Pradesh (60)Himachal Pradesh (40)
Tripura (40)Madhya Pradesh (30)
Maharashtra (30)Andaman and Nicobar Islands (20)
Submit Map:
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Gharti
People Name General: Gharti
Alternate People Names:
KhawasWestern Chepang
ROP3 Code: 103332
Joshua Project People ID: 11879
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 25,000
Population all Countries: 162,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
People Name General: Gharti
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Bengali (12,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ben    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Nepali (9,700)Hindi (600)
Bhujel (300)
Total Languages: 4
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.95 % 
Christianity3.90 %(Evangelical: 1.36 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism95.15 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 1800-1980
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1809-2022
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Love Story
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Bengali
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoRivka video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralWalk with the Prophets and meet the Mess ...
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Bengali
Text / Printed MatterBible: Bengali
Text / Printed MatterBible: Bengali
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Bengali
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Gharti in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - other     Asia, South    
      Gharti India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Gharti in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Bengali  
    All Religions                              

Direct link: