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Groma in China


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Groma in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
19,000 Groma Buddhism 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Groma in China

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Little is known about the Groma. Most anthropological and linguistic sources do not mention them. It is probable that the Groma have been counted as part of the Tibetan nationality in China and may be culturally and ethnically indistinguishable from other Tibetans in the region. The Chinese authorities have included many distinct language groups under the Tibetan nationality, based primarily on their adherence to Tibetan Buddhism.

The cornerstone of emerging Tibetan civilization was the Yarlung Valley area, about 80 kilometers (49 mi.) southeast of Lhasa. There, according to tradition, the union of a monkey and a she-devil created the Tibetan race. Around AD 600, the warriorking Namri Gampo began the work of unifying the clans of Tibet. It was his son, Songtsen Gampo, who consolidated the empire and established Tibet as a military power to be reckoned with. Sikkim was nominally independent - although always under Indian influence - until it was annexed in 1975 and integrated into India. The Bhots from Tibet began entering Sikkim in the thirteenth century. The Nepalese did not come until the nineteenth century, but now they make up the great majority of Sikkim's population.

The Groma lead typical Tibetan lives. They herd yaks, sheep, and goats. Groma women do most of the work. The men often spend their days drinking and gambling with their friends.

Tibetan Tantric Buddhism dominates the Groma. Pilgrimages to holy sites (such as Mt. Kailas) are often undertaken by devoted pilgrims.

There are no known Christians today among the Groma. The little mission work that has focused on the area invariably resulted in severe persecution. "Converts did not easily forget the Christian convert who was sewn into a fresh yak skin by merciless shaman priests and placed in the broiling sun until the contraction of the skin squeezed the life out of his frame." In 1997 neighboring Sikkim counted 250 churches, but almost all the believers were ethnic Nepalis. The north district where the Groma live is completely unreached.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-08-21
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-08-16
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:The Ethnologue cites a 1993 source stating that there are 12,840 speakers of Groma living in southern Tibet, in the Chambi Valley between Bhutan and the former independent nation of Sikkim - now a state of India. The Chambi Valley is in the middle of the mighty Himalayan range. Himalaya means "abode of snow." A French Catholic missionary to Tibet, Monsieur L'Abbe Desgondins, graphically described the region: "Take a piece of paper in your hand. Crumple it up and then open your hand and let it fall out! Nothing is flat - all you have is high points and low depressions - the steep, inaccessible, rugged mountains and the deep valleys." An additional 14,000 Groma are reported to be living on the Indian side of the border.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Groma
People Name General: Groma
Alternate People Names:
Chomo TibetanChumbi Tibetan
Chuo-mu TibetanGromo
Zhuomu Tibetan ग्रॉंा
ROP3 Code: 103488
Joshua Project People ID: 11946
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 19,000
Population all Countries: 20,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - Other
People Name General: Groma
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Groma
Language Code (ISO): gro    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Sub-division:Tibetan
Major Religions:
Buddhism99.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious1.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Groma in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - Other     Asia, Northeast    
      Groma China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Groma in China          
      Religion Language  
      Buddhism     Groma  
    All Religions                              

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