People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Hajang in Bangladesh

Hajang

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Hajang in Bangladesh map

Flash Map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
18,000 Hajong Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 % No   

Hajang in Bangladesh

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
Most of the Bengali groups are easily defined by their common language, Bengali. However, there are several smaller tribes who are also referred to as Bengali, but speak languages other than Bengali. Their languages belong to the Assamese-Bengali sub-group of the Indo-Aryan language family and include these groups: the Hajong and Kishanganjia of India; the Hajong and Tajpuri of Bangladesh; and the Rajbansi and Kayort of Nepal.

The Hajong originated in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh, then migrated north. Today, most of them live in east central Bangladesh, primarily in the northern part of the Mymensingh district, which lies on the southern slopes of the Garo Hills. From there, some immigrated into India and now live in the states of Assam, West Bengal, and Arunachal Pradesh. Unfortunately, many of those who now live in Arunachal Pradesh are under consideration of eviction, even though they have been settled there for 30 years. The Tajpuri live in the plains of Rangpur, which is located in northern Bangladesh near the border of India.

What are their lives like?
The great majority of the Bengali who live in India and Bangladesh are involved in some type of farming. Wet rice is their primary crop, and wheat and potatoes have also recently been added. Some have remarkable skills in weaving and embroidery. They make items that can be traded in the weekly markets.

Muslim invaders began conquering the Hindu regions of Bangladesh in the twelfth century. When many of the Bengali tribes were overrun in 1600-1700 A.D. by Muslims, they took refuge in the hills. They later returned and settled in the adjoining plains where most have continued to live.

The "clan system" was formerly unknown to the Tribal Bengali communities. However, when these tribes embraced Hinduism, they accepted the twelve clans associated with the Hindu castes.

The various Bengali tribes, like most other people groups of South Asia, have a clear division of labor. Regardless of a family's occupational specialty, the men do jobs that take place outside of the home, while the women are responsible for the tasks that can be performed inside the home. Among these tribes, land has always been individually owned. Small family farms, which are usually about one hectare in size (about 2.5 acres), are often sub-divided.

Most marriages in Bengali society are arranged. However, there are marked differences between the Hindu and Muslim wedding ceremonies. When mates are being chosen, caste and social rank are very important considerations. In rural areas, married couples almost always live with or near the groom's parents. The only exception to this practice is among the Tajpuri; and even they are gradually conforming. Most of the tribal Bengali communities have special dormitories where single young men live. This "house" is also used as a meeting place for the village elders.

The racial origin of one Bengali tribe, the Tajpuri, is surrounded by much controversy. Although they claim to be the descendants of great kings, they belong to a matriarchal (female-dominated) society.

What are their beliefs?
In general, the various Bengali tribes are "Hinduized" religionists. Although they have adopted the Hindu caste system and the worship of millions of Hindu gods, they also continue to practice their ethnic religions. Only one Bengali tribe, the Tajpuri of Bangladesh, has a considerable number of Muslims (almost one-third). Nevertheless, they too, practice some of their ethnic beliefs alongside Islam.

The Bengali's tribal religions are based on the belief in a variety of village and household gods. The people also believe in life after death. Village elders are responsible for conducting the religious ceremonies.

Like other tribal groups, the Bengali are animists, believing that the spirits of the gods live inside the mountains, the rivers, and the forests. Therefore, many objects in nature are worshipped. However, as they are becoming more and more educated, many are coming out of their world of animism and magic.

What are their needs?
Because most of the tribal Bengali are Hindu, they have been subject to much persecution and religious conflict. The groups living in Bangladesh comprise only a minority of the population, and have also experienced great rejection and religious persecution. Those in India are viewed as refugees and are therefore treated as outcasts. These groups need to know the love and acceptance of Jesus Christ.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord of the Harvest to send forth missionaries to live among the Bengali tribes.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through intercession.
* Pray that the small number of Bengali Christians will be a light for the Gospel.
* Ask God to raise up Christian school teachers to take the Gospel to these tribes.
* Pray that Christian radio broadcasts, Bibles, and other literature will be made available to each of the Tribal Bengali groups.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Tribal Bengali.

View Hajang in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-10-19
  Submit Update:
Country: Bangladesh
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:48 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:18,000
Largest Provinces:
Dhaka (15,000)Sylhet (2,500)
Rangpur (90)Chittagong (40)
Total Provinces on file:4
   
 
Maps
Submit Map:
Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Hajang
People Name General: Hajang
Alternate People Names:
East BengaliHajong
हजंग
ROP3 Code: 103647
Joshua Project People ID: 12036
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 18,000
Population all Countries: 93,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - Other
People Name General: Hajang
Ethnic Code: CNN25b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Hajong (15,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): haj    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (900)Garo (300)
Sylheti (200)
Total Languages: 4
   
 
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism100.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 4   Greater than or equal to 2% Evangelical
 
 
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: Yes
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hajong
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
 
 
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Hajang in Bangladesh

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    South Asia Tribal - Other     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Hajang Bangladesh    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Hajang in Bangladesh          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Hajong  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=12036&rog3=IN