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Han Chinese, Mandarin in China

Han Chinese, Mandarin

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
855,452,000 Chinese, Mandarin Non-Religious 9.90 % 8.30 %   

Han Chinese, Mandarin in China

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Identity
The Han Chinese are one of the 56 official nationalities of China. The name China stems from the Qin (Chin) Dynasty of 221-207 BC. The Chinese call their country Zhongguo, "The Middle Kingdom."

(The Manchu are included in the population of Han Chinese since nearly all of them have "ceased to be Manchus ethnically, linguistically, and culturally." - The Minorities of Northern China, p 149.)

History
The Wei Dynasty (AD 220-280): After the collapse of the Han Dynasty, China fell into almost 400 years of crippling war and internal conflict. The country was divided into three kingdoms. The Wei ruled areas north of the Yangtze.

Customs
The Chinese have invented numerous items throughout their long history, including paper and gunpowder.

Religion
The Chinese have been most influenced by Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism throughout their history, but since the advent of Communism in 1949 most Chinese could be accurately described as nonreligious.

Christianity
Christianity first made an impact on China in AD 635, when Nestorian Bishop Alopen arrived in China. "Bishop Alopen of the Kingdom of Ta'chin, bringing with him the sutras and images, has come from afar and presented them at our Capital. Having carefully examined the scope of his teaching, we find it to be mysteriously spiritual, and of silent operation. Having observed its principal and most essential points, we reached the conclusion that they cover all that is most important in life. This Teaching is helpful to all creatures and beneficial to all men. So let it have free course throughout the Empire."

By 638 the first church was built in Chang'an, and 21 Persian monks had commenced work in China. By the time missionaries were expelled from China in the 1950s, it is generally agreed there were no more than 750,000 Chinese Protestants across the nation. Since that time, China has experienced one of the greatest revivals in church history, with some eastern provinces experiencing continual growth for more than 30 years. Despite these great developments, hundreds of millions of Han Chinese today have yet to hear the name of Christ. A very wide range of estimates exist for the number of Christians in China today, from a lowest figure of 13.7 million, to widely used but unsupported figures of 90 to 110 million. We believe there are between 40 and 50 million Mandarin speaking Chinese believers in China today.

View Han Chinese, Mandarin in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-07-02
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Northeast Asia
Persecution Rank:27 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:The Han Chinese are the largest ethnic group on earth, and Mandarin is the world's most widely spoken language. More than 780 million Chinese speak Mandarin - known as Putonghua meaning "the common speech" - as their mother tongue. Mandarin-speaking Chinese are found all over China but are mostly concentrated in the northern and eastern provinces. Beijing is the unofficial "home" of Mandarin, and the Beijing dialect is the standard used for media and education. Millions of Mandarin speakers are also found in numerous countries around the world.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Han Chinese, Mandarin
People Name General: Han Chinese, Mandarin
Alternate People Names:
BeijinghuaCantonese
ChineseChinese, Mandarin
GuanhuaGuoyu
Han ChineseHoa (Hán)
HotonHuizui
KreolPei
PotinhuaQotong
ShanghaineseTotok
ROP3 Code: 103686
Joshua Project People ID: 12051
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 855,452,000
Population all Countries: 867,109,000
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Chinese
People Name General: Han Chinese, Mandarin
Ethnic Code: MSY42a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Chinese, Mandarin (855,452,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): cmn    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Non-Religious
Major Religions:
Buddhism10.00 % 
Christianity9.90 %(Evangelical: 8.30 %)
Ethnic Religions27.06 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious53.04 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent92.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian1.00 %
Roman Catholic7.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1864-1986
New Testament:
1857-1981Audio
Complete Bible: 1874-1983
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsChrist for the Nations
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Traditional (FCBH ...
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoChanged Lives (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoCreation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoFather's Love Letter
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus film: view in Mandarin Chinese
Film / VideoLight of Revelation (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoOpen the Doors See the Mountains (Indigi ...
Film / VideoPath to Truth and Life (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoStory of Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoThe Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralChinese Blog about Unreached Peoples
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible Gateway Scripture
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Ed ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Editi ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Tr ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: 新譯本(繁體字版)
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterCartoon Gospel tract
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Han Chinese, Mandarin in China

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Chinese     Northeast Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Han Chinese, Mandarin China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Han Chinese, Mandarin in China          
      Religion Language  
      Non-Religious     Chinese, Mandarin  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=12051&rog3=CH