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Han Chinese, Hainanese in Cambodia

Han Chinese, Hainanese

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
14,000 Chinese, Min Nan Ethnic Religions 1.00 % 0.40 %   

Han Chinese, Hainanese in Cambodia

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Introduction / History
Included as part of the Han nationality, the Hainanese are descended from Chinese who migrated from Fujian at various times over the last 15 centuries.

Hainanese is related to the Min Nan language. However, this language has changed in such a way that it is no longer understood by other Min Nan speaking peoples.
Hainanese is also called Qiongwen. Qiongwen is widely spoken throughout 14 counties and cities of Hainan Island. Most Hainanese are bilingual in Mandarin, while many can also speak Cantonese.

Where are they located?
Chinese peoples like the Hainanese have a long history of migrated to Cambodia as well as other countries in Asia. Those from Hainan Island began to migrate to Cambodia in the early 18th century when one of their leaders established a trading post. More Hainanese traders arrived. A large number of them were trading peppers by the end of that century. Many owned pepper plantations. In the 1950s some Hainanese moved to Phnom Penh where they established a monopoly on the hotel and restaurant businesses. Those with less means opened shops where they sold hats or did tailoring.

What are their lives like?
Today many Hainanese people live in Cambodia's Kampot Province. One can find a large number of them in Phnom Penh. They work hard, rarely taking time off from work. They have distinguished themselves as experts in the food catering business. Many manage coffee shops, Chinese noodle houses, and other businesses in the food industry. Parents encourage their children to study hard in school. With much of their time spent in school or at work, the Hainanese have little time for entertainment or socializing.

What are their beliefs?
Many Hainanese in China and Cambodia are secular, but they have their own traditional spiritual practices. Some worship a territorial spirit called Bentougong. Their worship ceremonies involve spirit possession and tongue cutting. After slicing their tongues, they lick pieces of paper that have a symbol of fortune or blessing. They then hang this amulet above the door of their homes or in their shops. They believe that Bentougong will then bless their families and businesses with good luck and prosperity. Like other Chinese peoples, they frequently have a wall in their homes with altars to various spirit beings.

What are their needs?
The Hainanese people in Cambodia are being reached with the gospel; pray that their hearts will be open so there can be a disciple-making movement among them.

Prayer Points
* Pray for a "Book of Acts" type of movement to Christ among the Hainanese people in Cambodia.
* Pray for the Hainanese people to understand and embrace that Jesus wants to bless their families and neighborhoods.
* Pray for Holy Spirit anointed believers from the Hainanese people to change their society from within.
* Pray for a movement in which the Holy Spirit leads and empowers disciples to make more disciples.
* Pray for a movement of Jesus to heal and strengthen Hainanese communities.


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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-06-27
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Country: Cambodia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
10/40 Window: Yes
Submit Map:
Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Han Chinese, Hainanese
People Name General: Han Chinese, Hainanese
Alternate People Names:
Chinese QiongwenHainan Chinese
ROP3 Code: 103690
Joshua Project People ID: 12053
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 14,000
Population all Countries: 6,655,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Chinese
People Name General: Han Chinese, Hainanese
Ethnic Code: MSY42a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Chinese, Min Nan (14,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): nan    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Hokkien
Dialect Code:6466
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism40.00 % 
Christianity1.00 %(Evangelical: 0.40 %)
Ethnic Religions54.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious5.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent35.00 %
Protestant25.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic40.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1875-1916
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1922-1996
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAmoy Bible
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGimchua's Family (EngSub)
Film / VideoGimchua's Family (HanSub)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Chinese, Min Nan
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Hope
Mobile AppDownload Audio Bible app as APK File fro ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Ed ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Editi ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Tr ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: 新譯本(繁體字版)
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Han Chinese, Hainanese in Cambodia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Chinese     Asia, Southeast    
      Han Chinese, Hainanese Cambodia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Han Chinese, Hainanese in Cambodia          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Chinese, Min Nan  
    All Religions                              

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