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Han Chinese, Hakka in China, Hong Kong

Han Chinese, Hakka

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
290,000 Chinese, Hakka Ethnic Religions 2.00 % 1.50 %   

Han Chinese, Hakka in China, Hong Kong

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Introduction / History
Although proud of their cultural differences, the Hakka have never claimed to be non-Chinese. Many famous Chinese have been Hakka, including Deng Xiaoping, Lee Kwan Yew, and Hong Xiuquan, the leader of the Taiping Rebellion.

There is much speculation concerning the historical roots of the Hakka. Some claim that they were the first Chinese people to arrive in China. Others claim that the Hakka are the descendants of the Xiongnu tribe. This much is agreed upon: At various stages between the fourth and thirteenth centuries AD, large numbers of people were forced to flee their homes in the war-torn Yellow River valley to seek refuge in southern China. These war refugees came to be known as Kejia - a Hakka word meaning "strangers" or "guests." When the savage Mongol hordes swept across China in the thirteenth century, many Hakka fled to the south to escape the carnage.

In the past many Hakka mothers preferred to kill their daughters soon after birth rather than allow them to be sold into slavery or become concubines. The Hakka never practiced foot binding like other Chinese.

Where are they located?
The Hakka people are most numerous in Taiwan and southern China's Guangdong Province, but many also live in Malaysia and Hong Kong.

What are their lives like?
The Hakka are among the majority Han Chinese peoples in the People's Republic of China (PRC). They have their own cuisine, architecture, and dress.

At one time there were Hakka villages in Hong Kong, but that part of the world is becoming increasingly urban. Hakka people in Hong Kong must either leave or adapt to the urban environment. Some Hakka people are trying to resurrect their village communities from places where there are now high-rise apartments and reservoirs.

As part of the careful preservation of their language, when a non-Hakka woman marries into a Hakka family she is required to learn the Hakka language. There are numerous Hakka dialects, many of which are not mutually intelligible.

What are their beliefs?
Hakka spirituality is very similar to other peoples in the Chinese world.

What are their needs?
The Hakka people in Hong Kong need the chance to hear the claims of Jesus Christ in their own language. The JESUS Film is in at least one of their dialects. There is a complete Bible for them, and online "talking" Bibles available to the Hakka people.

Prayer Points
* Pray for Bibles, the JESUS Film, and other Christian materials to find their way into Hakka homes.
* There are many Hakka believers in Malaysia. Pray that they will take the gospel to their kinsmen in Hong Kong.
* Believers in southern China surround the Hakka peoples. Pray that these believers will share Christ with them.
* Pray for a disciple-making movement among every Hakka people.


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Country: China, Hong Kong
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
10/40 Window: Yes
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Han Chinese, Hakka
People Name General: Han Chinese, Hakka
Alternate People Names:
Han ChineseHokka
ROP3 Code: 103691
Joshua Project People ID: 12054
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 290,000
Population all Countries: 44,243,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Chinese
People Name General: Han Chinese, Hakka
Ethnic Code: MSY42a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Chinese, Hakka (290,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hak    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity2.00 %(Evangelical: 1.50 %)
Ethnic Religions50.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious48.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1860-1995
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1916
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Chinese, Hakka
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Chinese, Hakka
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Ed ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Editi ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Tr ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: 新譯本(繁體字版)
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Han Chinese, Hakka in China, Hong Kong

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Chinese     Asia, Northeast    
      Han Chinese, Hakka China, Hong Kong    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Han Chinese, Hakka in China, Hong Kong          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Chinese, Hakka  
    All Religions                              

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