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Hausa in Gambia

Hausa

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
12,000 Hausa Islam 0.50 % 0.20 %   

Hausa in Gambia

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Introduction / History
The Hausa are the largest ethnic group in all of West Africa.

By 1500, Islam had been introduced to the Hausa by traders. Many of the urban Hausa embraced it right away, in hopes of enhancing their businesses. However, the villagers were not as receptive to this new religion.

In the "holy wars" of 1804 and 1808, the Hausa were conquered by the Fulani, their strongly Islamic neighbors. They were made slaves until the early 1900s. At that time, many of the villagers were either forced or bribed into becoming Muslim. They adopted some of Islam's basic outward behaviors and rituals but did not "sell out" as many of the urban Hausa did. For that reason, many of the rural Hausa today are only superficially Muslim.

The Hausa are originally from an area known as "Hausaland," a region covering 75,000 square miles and straddling the borders of Niger and Nigeria. Because they are a people of trade, the Hausas have migrated to other parts of West Africa including Gambia. Hausa traders, Muslim priests, and Hausa-speaking slaves helped to spread Hausa culture. The Hausa in West Africa have been heavily involved in long distance trading for centuries. Traders exchanged gold from the Middle East for leather, crafts, and food. Hausa became the language of Muslims and of trade.

Where are they located?
The Hausas live in the western Sub-Saharan countries, including tiny Gambia. They are especially concentrated in northern Nigeria and Niger.

What are their lives like?
Some of the Hausas have become very rich through regional trade. They are deeply involved in the politics of their communities. Others struggle with basic needs like clean water.

The Hausa people have a restricted dress code related to their Muslim religious beliefs. The men are easily recognizable because of their elaborate dress which is a large flowing gown known as Babban riga and a robe called a jalabia. These large flowing gowns usually feature some elaborate embroidery designs around the neck. The women can be identified by wrappers called zani, made with colorful cloth atampa, accompanied by a matching blouse, head tie, and shawl.

Hausa buildings are characterized by the use of dry mud bricks in cubic structures, multi-storied buildings for the social elite, the use of parapets related to their military/fortress building past, and traditional white stucco and plaster for house fronts. At times the facades may be decorated with various abstract relief designs, sometimes painted in vivid colors to convey information about the occupant.

What are their beliefs?
By 1500, Islam had been introduced to the Hausa by traders. Many of the urban Hausa embraced it right away, in hopes of enhancing their businesses. However, rural villagers were not as receptive to this new religion. These villagers, then and now, might be Muslim in name only, but their identity is in their traditional religion.

What are their needs?
The Hausa culture is strongly linked to Islam, which makes it difficult to reach this people group with the gospel. There has been intense persecution of Christian Hausa.

Because Islam has been carried throughout West Africa by Hausa traders and priests, nearly everyone expects a Hausa to be Muslim. This could be one of the main reasons why the Hausa stay so resistant to the Gospel and have difficulty leaving their Islamic faith.

Thank God for the Hausa Bible and the powerful impact that the Holy Scriptures has upon Muslims.

Prayer Points
* Pray for his kingdom to come and his will to be done among the Hausa people.
* Pray for a movement of Hausa households in Gambia to study the Bible and accept the blessings of Christ.
* Pray for a spiritual hunger that will drive the Hausa people to the arms of Jesus.
* Pray for workers who are filled with the fruit and the power of the Holy Spirit to go to the Hausa people.

References
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/12070/GA
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/12070/NI
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/12070/CT
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hausa_people
http://www.peoplegroups.org/explore/groupdetails.aspx?peid=12327
http://justus.anglican.org/resources/bcp/Nigeria/hausa1908.htm

View Hausa in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Link Up Africa
  Submit Update:
Country: Gambia
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
10/40 Window: Yes
   
 
Maps
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Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Hausa
People Name General: Hausa
Alternate People Names:
AdarawaAdarawa Hausa
ArawaArewa
FellataHausa Ajami
Hausa FulaniHausawa
KurfeiMaguzawa
North HausaSoudie
Tazarawa
ROP3 Code: 103733
Joshua Project People ID: 12070
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 12,000
Population all Countries: 51,752,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Hausa
People Name General: Hausa
Ethnic Code: NAB60a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Hausa (12,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hau    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.50 %(Evangelical: 0.20 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.50 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent15.00 %
Protestant25.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic60.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1857-1988
New Testament:
1880-1965Audio
Complete Bible: 2015
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, complete Bible
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Audio RecordingsStoryRunners Oral Bible Stories
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoIndigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hausa
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
Film / VideoThe Savior 3 - Woman at the Well
Film / VideoThe Savior 8 - Jesus is Risen
Film / VideoWalk with Jesus (Africa, JF Project)
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
GeneralWalk with the Prophets and meet the Mess ...
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file fro ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hausa Bible
Text / Printed MatterDownload scripture in this language
Text / Printed MatterFather's Love Letter
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Hausa in Gambia

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Hausa     Africa, West and Central    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Hausa Gambia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Hausa in Gambia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Hausa  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

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