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Hazara in Pakistan

Hazara

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Map source: Omid / Joshua Project
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
270,000 Hazaragi Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % No   

Hazara in Pakistan

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Introduction / History
The Hazara live primarily in central Afghanistan, but there are also significant communities living in Iran and Pakistan. The Hazara of Pakistan live mainly in and around the city of Quetta. Quetta is located in the southwestern province of Baluchistan.

The Hazara are probably of Mongol descent; descendants of soldiers left in Afghanistan by Genghis Khan in order to occupy the region. Their Mongol physical characteristics and their language have long distinguished them from the other ethnic groups of the area. Their language, called Hazaragi, is an Indo-Iranian tongue with many words borrowed from Mongol. Many Hazara also speak Dari Persian as a second language.

Their homeland, Afghanistan, has been shaken by rebellions and civil war. After an unsuccessful rebellion in the 1800s, some Hazara fled and settled in Pakistan. In recent years, they have been joined by other Hazara refugees fleeing the civil war in Afghanistan.

What are their lives like?
Traditionally, the Hazara were nomads raising sheep, goats, and horses. Now, some earn a living through mixed grain farming. The major crops are wheat and barley, and a variety of fruits are also grown. Many of the men work as cobblers, porters, water carriers, or trash collectors. This willingness to perform menial tasks has had an adverse effect on them; it earned them a reputation as hardworking people, while also resulting in their being looked down upon and discriminated against.

Hazara men wear knee length, cotton shirts hanging over matching baggy trousers, embroidered skullcaps, and turbans. Women wear similar clothing, except that they use brightly colored shawls to cover their heads.

Hazara marriage ceremonies follow the traditional Islamic pattern. Most marry within their own communities and nearly always within the Hazara ethnic group. Marriages between first cousins are preferred, particularly from the father's side of the family. When a girl reaches about fifteen years of age, she is usually married to the man of her parents' choice.

Only boys have the opportunity for formal education, which usually lasts only one or two years. The teachings are centered on Islam, and memorization of poetry is a major part of their education. As a result, illiteracy is very high among the Hazara.

Despite their reputation as fierce, warlike people, the Hazara are widely renowned for their hospitality, warmth, and generosity. Also, Hazara women have a greater degree of social freedom than women in most other Muslim groups.

What are their beliefs?
Unlike most Pakistanis, who follow Sunni (orthodox) Islam, the Hazara follow the Shi'ite sect of Islam. Although they shun the most stringent Muslim customs, the Hazara are devoted to their faith, praying five times per day while facing the holy city of Mecca and fasting during the month of Ramadan.

Religious authorities called Sayyids play an integral role in the Islam of the Hazara. Sayyids have claimed descent from the founder of Islam, Mohammed. Although they were originally Arabs, the Sayyids of Pakistan have intermarried with the Hazara and have become much like them in physical appearance and culture. They use their sacred qualities to serve the religious needs of the common people. The Sayyids' prayers and good favor are believed to bring blessing.

What are their needs?
The Hazara are looked down upon and despised by other ethnic groups. They are some of the poorest people of Pakistan and suffer an alarming array of health problems; eye diseases, leprosy, and tuberculosis are very common.

The Hazara of Pakistan also have great spiritual needs. In Pakistan, Christians often live in fear of persecution or even martyrdom for professing their faith.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Hazara.
* Ask God to anoint the Gospel as it goes forth via radio to these people.
* Pray for the small number of Hazara believers and ask God to give them opportunities to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a growing Hazara church for the glory of His name!

View Hazara in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-04-21
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Country: Pakistan
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:5 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:270,000
Largest Provinces:
Balochistan (177,000)Sindh (41,000)
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (37,000)Punjab (11,000)
Islamabad (4,000)Azad Kashmir (80)
Total Provinces on file:6
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Hazara
People Name General: Hazara
Alternate People Names:
Afghan PersianBehsud
BerberiDai Kundi
Dai MiradadDai Zangi
Ghazni HazarasJaguri
KhawariPolada
TeymurUrusgani
Yekaulangहज़ारा
ROP3 Code: 103743
Joshua Project People ID: 12076
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 270,000
Population all Countries: 4,574,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Persian-Median
People Cluster: Persian
People Name General: Hazara
Ethnic Code: MSY41z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Hazaragi (230,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): haz    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Dari (18,000)Pashto, Central (8,400)
Urdu (5,900)Pashto, Northern (500)
Waneci (300)
Total Languages: 6
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 2015
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hazaragi
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Hazara in Pakistan

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Persian     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Hazara Pakistan    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Hazara in Pakistan          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Hazaragi  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=12076&rog3=PK