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Baggara, Hemat in Chad

Baggara, Hemat

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Baggara, Hemat in Chad map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
28,000 Arabic, Sudanese Spoken Islam 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Baggara, Hemat in Chad

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Introduction / History
The Shuwa Arabs are commonly referred to as the "Baggara." This name is derived from the Arabic word bagar, meaning "cow," and refers to the Arab tribes in West Africa who are cattle herders. Unlike their Arab neighbors farther north, the Baggara are unable to herd camels because of the thicker vegetation. They live in a hot, semi-arid climate with zones ranging from sparse shrub lands to wooded grasslands.

The Baggara tribes are of Arab descent and mainly speak the Shuwa dialect of the Arabic language. There are now several subgroups of the Baggaras including the Hemat. They entered western Sudan between the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, and have gradually moved east and west from there. By the eighteenth century, they were concentrated primarily to the north and east of Lake Chad. Their tribes continued moving eastward until they became widely scattered across the horizontal plains of West Africa. They have intermarried with the tribes who lived close to them. This mixture of blood has given the Baggara darker skin and thicker lips than other Arabs.

Where are they located?
Baggara peoples like the Hemats are spread from the Lake Chad region eastward to the Nile River in the countries of Sudan, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Nigeria, and the Central African Republic.

What are their lives like?
Most of the Baggara tribes are nomadic. Each year, the herds are moved south to the river lands during the dry season, and north to the grasslands during the rainy season. Before changing locations, the Hemat Baggaras usually plant sorghum, sesame, millet, and beans in their fields, harvesting the crops on their return.

The roles of Hemat Baggara men and women are very distinct. The women are responsible for milking the cows. They sell the raw milk to factories, and processed milk either at the marketplace or door to door. They keep the earnings for themselves, or use it to pay household expenses. The women also build the houses, tend to the children, go for water, prepare the daily meals, and trade in the marketplace.

The men are primarily involved with caring for the herds. They also plant and harvest the crops. Although the mother is the primary caretaker of the children, the father may also show them some affection, or discipline them from time to time. Since the women are capable of adequately maintaining the household, the men will sometimes leave for one or two years at a time to work in other countries.

The Baggara depend entirely on their animals for survival. The people feed on milk and cheese during the winter. They use animal fat and dung as healing ointments. Animal skins are used to make clothing and tents. Even the bones are used to make ornaments and weapons. The Hemet Baggara live in simple dome-shaped tents built by the women. They are portable structures that can easily be packed and moved along with the herds.

What are their beliefs?
The Baggara have been Muslims since the thirteenth century. They wear the clothes prescribed by the Muslim religion, and bury their dead facing Mecca, the "holy city" of Islam.

The Hemat Baggara believe strongly in evil spirits. Each morning, a man sneezes in order to rid his nostrils of the evil spirit who slept there the night before. The Baggara also believe that men and women can be changed into animals such as were-crocodiles and were-hyenas.

What are their needs?
Very little evangelization has been done among the Baggara tribes. The New Testament has been translated into their language, and some Christian broadcasts are also available to them. Some of the Baggara tribes have been ministered to by mission agencies. Because the people are so devoted to the Islamic faith, very few of them have converted to follow Jesus. Also, the nomadic lifestyle of the Baggara makes it very difficult for missionaries to reach them. Concentrated prayer and evangelism efforts are necessary in order to reach the hearts of Hemat Baggaras with the gospel.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to call out prayer teams to break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Pray that God will raise up long term workers to reach every Baggara tribe.
* Pray that believers living in West Africa will be stirred with vision for outreach and a genuine burden to reach out to the Baggara tribes.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Hemat Baggara people where they can be discipled in the ways of Jesus Christ.

References
http://orvillejenkins.com/profiles/baggara.html
http://ancienthistoricalsociety.com.thesacredsociety.org/BaggaraTribe.html
http://www.globalprayerdigest.org/index.php/issue/day/2013/01/24

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Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-02-15
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Country: Chad
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
10/40 Window: Yes
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Baggara, Hemat
People Name General: Baggara, Hemat
Alternate People Names:
BaggaraHemat
ROP3 Code: 103754
Joshua Project People ID: 12083
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 28,000
Population all Countries: 28,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status:Unengaged (per Finishing the Task)
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Arab World
People Cluster: Arab, Shuwa
People Name General: Baggara, Hemat
Ethnic Code: CMT30
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Arabic, Sudanese Spoken (28,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): apd    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Western Sudanese
Dialect Code:7151
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status:Unengaged (per Finishing the Task)
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1927-1964
New Testament:
1978Audio
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsArabic Bibles Online
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Arabic, Sudanese Spo ...
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Baggara, Hemat in Chad

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Arab, Shuwa     Africa, West and Central    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Baggara, Hemat Chad    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Baggara, Hemat in Chad          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Arabic, Sudanese Spoken  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=12083&rog3=CD