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Tshara-Tshao in Botswana


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Tshara-Tshao in Botswana map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,400 Tshuwau Ethnic Religions 20.00 % 5.00 % No No   

Tshara-Tshao in Botswana

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Introduction / History
The Tsoa of Botswana live in 150 cattle posts and six villages among the scrub forests, deserts, and savannas of southwestern Central District and northeast Kweneng District in Botswana. They are a people group in Botswana and Zimbabwe, known for not owning land. Income for the Tsoa people derives from working for cattle owners, teen girls working as maids in villages, and others receiving money from the government.

In the cattle posts, the people build single room homes, 3 yards in circumference. The walls are wood post frames and the roof and walls are branches, grass, or discarded metal roofing. About five people live in one home. The people have no electricity.

Animism is the Tsoa people's religion. There are about 100 Christians. Some of the Tsoa men have a bag of bones, hoofs, and pieces of wood that they shake and throw on the ground to determine the cause of illness. There is a great need for the Bible in their own language. A lay leader mentioned that he taught with the Setswana scriptures, but people just talked among themselves and ignored him. When the man explained the Setswana scriptures in Tsoa, the people quieted down and listened attentively. Tsoa land is being rezoned by the government. The Tsoa are paid to move and stay in villages where there is no available work. There is widespread boredom and alcoholism.

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Country: Botswana
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, East and Southern
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Central district: especially Mahalapye and Serowe subdistricts; Kweneng district: Ghanzi and Kgatleng districts’ border areas; primarily cattleposts and settlements.
(Source: Ethnologue 2018)
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Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Tshara-Tshao
People Name General: Tshara-Tshao
Alternate People Names:
BushmenCentral Tshu
ROP3 Code: 103764
Joshua Project People ID: 12091
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 2,400
Population all Countries: 6,800
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Khoisan
People Name General: Tshara-Tshao
Ethnic Code: BYG11d
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Tshuwau (2,400 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hio    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity20.00 %(Evangelical: 5.00 %)
Ethnic Religions80.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent10.00 %
Protestant88.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian2.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Tshara-Tshao in Botswana

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Khoisan     Africa, East and Southern    
      Tshara-Tshao Botswana    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Tshara-Tshao in Botswana          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Tshuwau  
    All Religions                              

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