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Hitu in Indonesia


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Hitu in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
18,000 Hitu Islam 5.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Hitu in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Hitu live in five village areas along the north coast of Ambon island: Wakal, Hila, Hitu, Mamala and Morela. These areas are in Lehitu county, Central Maluku Regency, Maluku Province. In 1999, North Maluku Province was divided from Maluku Province. In the past, Hitu village formed the commercial center and goods distribution point for Ambon island. Hitu can be reached by land or sea. Since the regional violence of 2000 and following, public transport usually comes and goes once daily from the city of Ambon. The only historical record of the Hitu people is found in their stories, about how in the past they lived at the edge of the jungle. Later developments caused them to begin moving out of the jungle and building beach-side houses. The Hitu people use Hitu language, consisting of various dialects. The Hitu language is part of a larger linguistic grouping called the Seram Straits which also includes the Laha, Tulehu, Paulohi, Amahai, Elpaputih, Nusa Laut, Watu, Saparua and Kamarian.

What are their lives like?
The Hitu cultivate cloves, nutmeg, sago palm, coconut and various other spices. Their land, although fertile, remains sadly underutilized. Most of their land is governed by tribal law and is regarded as tribal land. Most Hitu live near the sea in beach-side houses, but some live along the road leading to the city of Ambon. The Hitu area has ample sources of fresh water, flowing from fissures in limestone rocks. These water sources form rivers flowing across the main road. Many Hitu combine both farming and fishing for income. In addition to the main crops are cassava, taro, cloves, nutmeg and coconut. They also cultivate fruits, such as banana, guava, durian and soursop. Sago palm grows well without even being cultivated. Some Hitu work as teachers or other government employees. Many Hitu women work as fish sellers (jibu jibu).

What are their beliefs?
Hitu is the historical entry-point of Islam into the Malukus. For this reason, nearly all Hitu people are Muslim. They believe that later they will be judged both on their knowledge of the Qur'an and on their good works. But like most Muslim people in Maluku, the Hitu are strongly influenced by even more ancient animism.

What are their needs?
Not all Hitu receive formal education. Even where schools exist, many finish only elementary school. In the whole Hitu area, there is only one agricultural school, one government Islamic school and the private Islamic boarding school, Madrasah Tsanawiyah. Apart from needing formal education, the Hitu also need general knowledge about health and public sanitation. The Hitu society needs good leadership and direction to develop their physical health and their agricultural potential. Appropriate small-scale technology could also help them become a more productive society. They have very few chances to improve their job skills. Lack of electricity and dependable clean water supply also hinder development of Hitu society.

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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Maluku Province, Maluku Tengah regency: Wakal, Hitu, Mamala, Morela, and Hila villages, Northeast Ambon island, Piru Sea coast, Hitu peninsula.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Hitu
People Name General: Hitu
ROP3 Code: 103839
Joshua Project People ID: 12110
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 18,000
Population all Countries: 18,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Maluku-Central
People Name General: Hitu
Ethnic Code: AON09e
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Hitu (18,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): htu    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity5.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam95.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant100.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 0   No evangelical Christians or churches. No access to major evangelical print, audio, visual, or human resources
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Hitu in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Maluku-Central     Asia, Southeast    
      Hitu Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Hitu in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Hitu  
    All Religions                              

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