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Jarai in Vietnam


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
518,000 Jarai Ethnic Religions 30.00 % 26.33 % No   

Jarai in Vietnam

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Introduction / History
In 1887 Vietnam became part of French Indochina. After WWII the Vietnamese declared freedom from France but France rule continued until Communist Ho Chi Min overthrew them in 1954. The Geneva Accord of 1954 split the country into North and South Vietnam. The US gave aid to South Vietnam but withdrew from the country in 1973. Two years later the Communist North overtook the South and "re-united" the country.

The Jarai are a people group in the Southern Vietnam Central Highlands. The Jarai language is related to the Cham language of Vietnam and the Malayo-Polynesian languages of Indonesia, Malaysia, Madagascar and the Philipines. Because they are an ethnic minority in Vietnam the Jarai face persecution. The Jarai sought independence through the failed attempt of the Degar Movement.

Where are they located?
The Jarai are located in the Highlands of Southern Vietnam. Jarai live mainly in the Gia Lai and Kon Tum Provinces of Southern Vietnam. They are also found scattered in several other provinces of Vietnam and in Cambodia. The Jarai make their living by growing corn and rice.

What are their lives like?
The Jarai trace are matrilineal and trace their ancestry through the women. Jarai villages are laid out in a square. Everything is arranged around the village center. The village center has a communal house, a well, volleyball nets and a rice mill. Jarai villages are named after nearby rivers or village chiefs. Houses were once made of bamboo but more recently are made of wood with steel roofs.

Jarai enjoy music and perform music on gongs, xylophones and zithers. The The Jarai are also known for their use of bamboo tubes for wind flutes and percussion. Jarai traditional dress includes indigo blouses and long skirts worn by the women.

What are their beliefs?
Most Jarai are animists. They believe that demons inhabit creation and animals are sacrificed to appease these spirits. The most popular spirits are that of fire and water. When a person dies there is a prolonged funeral/time of mourning as part of the death ceremony. Carved effigies and totems are often made for the deceased. During the final death ceremony the Jarai will claim the person officially dead and the spirit released. If the deceased was married the living spouse is then free to marry.

The Christian and Missionary Alliance brought Christianity to the Jarai in the 1970s. The Jarai Christians of Cambodia and Vietnam number around 100,000.

Prayer Points
Pray that Jarai Christians would be trained to lead the church and share Him with others.
Pray that Christian Jarai would use their instruments to worship God.
Pray that the Jarai would find freedom from the spirits.
Pray that the Jarai would find freedom in the biblical understanding of death.


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Country: Vietnam
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:25 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Gia Lai, Kon Tum, and Binh Dinh provinces; some in Dak Lak province.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Jarai
People Name General: Jarai
Alternate People Names:
DjaraiGia Rai
ROP3 Code: 104195
Joshua Project People ID: 12326
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 518,000
Population all Countries: 543,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Cham
People Name General: Jarai
Ethnic Code: MSY44z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Jarai (518,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): jra    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:To-buan
Dialect Code:11109
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity30.00 %(Evangelical: 26.33 %)
Ethnic Religions65.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious5.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a significant presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 6   Greater than or equal to 10% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1950-1963
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 2014-2016
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Jarai
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralGospel resources links
Text / Printed MatterBible: Jarai
Text / Printed MatterBible: Jarai
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Jarai in Vietnam

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Cham     Asia, Southeast    
      Jarai Vietnam    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Jarai in Vietnam          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Jarai  
    All Religions                              

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