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Jotoni in Burkina Faso


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Jotoni in Burkina Faso map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,700 Jowulu Ethnic Religions 3.00 % 1.60 % No   

Jotoni in Burkina Faso

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Introduction / History
While a majority of the Samogho live in the country of Mali, a small group live in the southwestern part of Burkina Faso. The climate in this region of Africa is very hot and dry.

The Samogho live near one of Burkina Faso's four rivers. There, the vegetation is thicker and the heat is more bearable than in other areas. However, the tsetse fly (which carries sleeping sickness) and the simulium fly (which carries river blindness) live near the rivers. These insects make the river areas almost uninhabitable.

The scattered forests also provide a place for the Samogho to live. These forests are also homes to birds, monkeys, various insects and hippopotamuses. The Samogho speak a language called Dzungo, which belongs to the Mandingo branch of the Niger-Congo language family.

What are their lives like?
The Samogho are primarily farmers. Millet is their staple crop, and peanuts, peas, corn, cotton, peppers, and other vegetables are grown as supplementary crops. About three-quarters of the income of the Samogho is based on agriculture. The remainder comes from hunting and gathering. Families also raise goats, sheep, chickens, and bees for their milk, wool, meat, and honey.

Among the Samogho, the household is the basic economic unit. The villages are large and usually highly populated. Houses are rectangular with flat roofs, much like those of neighboring tribes. However, the Samogho villages have dome-shaped granaries that rise above the village walls. Each village may have at least 100 of these granaries. Every village has a headman who acts as the authority to family lineages, rather than as the authority to individual households.

Samogho society is patrilineal in structure. This means that the lines of descent are traced through the fathers. Private property is inherited by the eldest son, while household property is passed to the younger brother of the father. Married sons attach their households to the household of their father.

When a girl marries, the girl's family does not require a "bride-price," as families in other West African tribes do. Instead, the groom gives premarital gifts to the girl's family. The gifts are usually animals such as chickens or goats. Like many other tribes in West Africa, the men sometimes practice polygamy, or the marrying of several wives.

Burkina Faso is rich in ethnic diversity, and the country's folklore reflects this. During national occasions, each region--including the Samogho region--is represented by its own folklore group.

The Samogho are often at odds with the Mossi tribe, who are located to the east of the Samogho. Raids and retaliations occur often.

What are their beliefs?
The great majority of the Samogho are Muslim; the others practice various ethnic religions. Those who are Muslim hold to the five essential "pillars" or duties of Islam, which include affirming that "there is no god but Allah and Mohammed is his prophet"; praying five times a day while facing Mecca; giving alms generously; fasting during Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim year; and making a pilgrimage to Mecca.

The Samogho believe that the "supreme god" is too distant to worship directly and that the only way to worship him is through a spirit. Consequently, they worship statues or other objects that are believed to house the spirits. The spirits, in return, will supposedly give the worship to the supreme god on their behalf.

What are their needs?
Very few Samogho have given their lives to Christ. The strongholds of Islam and paganism over the Samogho can only be loosened by prayer.

Prayer Points
Ask the Lord to send forth laborers into Burkina Faso who will share the love of Jesus with the Samogho.
Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies presently focusing on the Samogho.
Pray that God will give Samogho believers boldness to share Christ with their own people.
Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will break up the spiritual soil of Burkina Faso through worship and intercession.
Ask the Lord to bring forth many fellowships of believers for the glory of His name!
* Pray for the availability of the Jesus Film in the primary language of this people.

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Country: Burkina Faso
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Cascades region, Leraba province,Tena and Noussoun villages near Mali boundary.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Jotoni
People Name General: Jotoni
Alternate People Names:
Jori Jowulu
ROP3 Code: 104305
Joshua Project People ID: 12370
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 1,700
Population all Countries: 24,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status:Unengaged (per Finishing the Task)
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Mande
People Name General: Jotoni
Ethnic Code: NAB63z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Jowulu (1,700 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): jow    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity3.00 %(Evangelical: 1.60 %)
Ethnic Religions96.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam1.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status:Unengaged (per Finishing the Task)
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 2004
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
GeneralGospel resources links
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Jotoni in Burkina Faso

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Mande     Africa, West and Central    
      Jotoni Burkina Faso    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Jotoni in Burkina Faso          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Jowulu  
    All Religions                              

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