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Kanembu in Chad

Kanembu

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Kanembu in Chad map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
799,000 Kanembu Islam 0.01 % 0.00 % No No   

Kanembu in Chad

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Introduction / History
The Kanembu live in the desert region of northwestern Chad, just northeast of Lake Chad. They inhabit an arid region of thin thorny bushes. Vegetation is seasonal, since the area receives less than twelve inches of rain per year. The people speak Kanembu, a Kanuri language that has various dialects. It is not yet a written language, and those who are literate read and write Arabic, which is taught in the Islamic schools.

Up until the 1200s, the Kanembu were the most powerful people group south of the Sahara, advancing their position by importing technology. However, their empire rapidly declined during the 1500s under the strength of other more aggressive and powerful rulers.

Rich natron deposits are scattered across more than 30,000 acres of Chad. They are found in salt mines, most of which the Kanembu own. While most of the Kanembu are farmers, many earn a living by mining the natron.

What are their lives like?
The Kanembu are primarily farmers and livestock raisers. Many families keep small gardens in the fertile wadis (valleys or streambeds). In good wadis, which are occasionally watered by streams, farmers can harvest corn twice a year and wheat once. Those living around Lake Chad make use of the moist, fertile polders (wadis that have been artificially created by damming a small inlet of the lake). Frequently, Kanembu farmers have a surplus of grain, which they export north by camel and across Lake Chad to Nigeria by canoe.

The Kanembu's ancestors were herdsmen; and today, many Kanembu still tend cattle. In the north, some are semi-nomadic, migrating for brief periods with their cattle. In the center and southern areas, they are settled farmers, raising livestock and growing millet on ground fertilized by the manure of their cattle.

The Liwa region contains natron, a mineral that is useful for washing and bleaching textiles. Laborers extract the mineral for export and the villagers use it to salt their food. The only markets are located in small, undeveloped villages.

The Kanembu have a stable social structure. Each village has a secular chief and a religious leader who provide material and spiritual guidance. Families are large, and some of the men have more than one wife. They live in straw huts that are built near sandy depressions where water collects.

Although some young boys travel to Borno to attend Islamic high schools, most Kanembu are illiterate. Their villages lack modern schools and health care, facilities that are hindered by the absence of quality roads.

What are their beliefs?
Arabs migrating from the north and east spread into Chad with Islam during the tenth century. Today, Islam is strong among the Kanembu. They are generally orthodox, faithfully following Islamic practices, with the exception of a few rural traditions.

Interestingly, there are a few points of resemblance between their religious ideals and those of Christianity: the belief in one only God, who is eternal, the creator, omniscient; the existence of protecting spirits (or angels); the concept of the sanctuary or "holy of holies" and the Spirit of God who communicates; and various analogies to explain complex concepts.

What are their needs?
The Islamic faith has been passed down among the Kanembu from generation to generation. Parents forbid education in French secular schools, even if it means no education at all. They only allow their children to study Arabic, since it was the language of Mohammed.

The Kanembu desperately need willing workers to live among them and demonstrate God's love to them in practical ways.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to Chad and share Christ with the Kanembu.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Kanembu towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will open the hearts of Chad's governmental and religious leaders to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will raise up teams of intercessors who will faithfully stand in the gap for these precious people.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Kanembu.
* Pray for completion of Bible translation in this people group's primary language.
* Pray for the availability of the Jesus Film in the primary language of this people.

View Kanembu in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-02-11
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-02-25
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-02-17
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-01-23
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-10-16
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Country: Chad
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Barh el Gazel region; Hadjer-Lamis region: Dagana department, Massakory subprefecture; Lac and Kanem regions.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kanembu
People Name General: Kanembu
Alternate People Names:
KanembouKarkawu
Kenembu
ROP3 Code: 104570
Joshua Project People ID: 12489
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 799,000
Population all Countries: 832,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Kanuri-Saharan
People Name General: Kanembu
Ethnic Code: NAB61
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Kanembu
Language Code (ISO): kbl    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Religion Sub-division:Sunni
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.01 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions9.99 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam90.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant85.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian15.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 2001
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Kanembu in Chad

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Kanuri-Saharan     Africa, West and Central    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Kanembu Chad    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kanembu in Chad          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Kanembu  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=12489&rog3=CD