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Korean in China


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,590,000 Korean Ethnic Religions 30.00 % 14.00 %   

Korean in China

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The Koreans are an official minority nationality in China. They are "a completely unassimilated people who speak and write their own language, operate schools and maintain the society and culture of their homeland."

Koreans have long played an important role in Chinese history. A famous Korean general named Kao Hsien-chih was sent by the Imperial Court to fight the marauding Tibetan armies in AD 741. The Sui Dynasty (AD 589-618) fell soon after three disastrous and costly military campaigns in North Korea. The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) also fell, partly because the country was bankrupt as a result of the massive cost of defending Korea from the Japanese. The first wave of Korean migrants arrived in China in the late 1600s. Sizable numbers arrived later after a severe famine in North Korea in 1869. "When Koreans first arrived in China, they worked for Chinese landlords who furnished them with seed and all supplies. As this tended to throw the Koreans into debt, many of them frequently moved."

The Koreans - known as Chaoxian in China - boast the highest education rate of any of China's minorities: 43 out of 1,000 attend university. Their rate was twice as high as the national average and close to the 1979 USA level (46 out of 1,000 people).

Most Koreans in China today are atheists. In addition, there are a sizable number of Mahayana Buddhists and Christians among them.

It is not recorded if Nestorian missionaries reached as far as Korean territory during their time in China from the seventh to the fourteenth century, but in 1927 archaeologists excavated a tomb near the present Korea-China border. "They found the remains of seven bodies and at the head of each a clay cross ... they were able to date the grave at between 998 and 1006 by Chinese coins of the Song Dynasty left with the bodies." Today there are estimated to be 600,000 Korean Christians in China, although a 1992 source listed only 122,000. Many Korean Bibles have been smuggled into China from abroad in recent years, in addition to the 189,487 printed by the government sanctioned Amity Press. Many of these Bibles have been carried across the border into North Korea.

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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:More than two million Koreans live in the northeastern part of China, especially in the provinces of Jilin, Heilongjiang, and Liaoning. Unofficial sources state there are at least three million Koreans in China. More than 74 million Koreans are found worldwide.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Korean
People Name General: Korean
Alternate People Names:
ChosunChosun Jok
HanghohuaNorth Korean
South Korean
ROP3 Code: 105225
Joshua Project People ID: 12795
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 2,590,000
Population all Countries: 80,901,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Korean
People Name General: Korean
Ethnic Code: MSY46
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Korean
Language Code (ISO): kor    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism25.00 % 
Christianity30.00 %(Evangelical: 14.00 %)
Ethnic Religions30.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious15.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent95.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian1.00 %
Roman Catholic4.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a significant presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1882-1961
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1911-2005
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsFather's Love Letter
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - North (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - South (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Korean
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Korean
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible Gateway Scripture
Text / Printed MatterBible: Bibilica Korean
Text / Printed MatterBible: Revised New Korean Standard Versi ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: 개역한글
Text / Printed MatterCartoon Gospel tract
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Korean in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Korean     Asia, Northeast    
      Korean China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Korean in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Korean  
    All Religions                              

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