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Kosena in Papua New Guinea


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
4,900 Kosena Christianity 85.00 % 16.00 % No No   

Kosena in Papua New Guinea

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Introduction / History
Kosena language speakers live on the border of Okapa District and Kainantu District in the Eastern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea. Oral history relates that their ancestors originated from the Tairora village and initially settled in the rich Oiyana valley between Onamuga and Ontenu village. Their ancestors had to move camp from Oiyana, after having settled there for a very long time, due to tribal warfare and involvement of colonial rule through Luluai and Tultuls and village policing to control law and order (German New Guinea Territory).
Their ancestors initially referred to and known as Irafo people migrated to current site after a short stay in Onamuga. They could not stay long at the new location due to their reputation as fierce warriors who were viewed as trouble makers. They moved camp after instigating trouble with neighboring tribes and moved down to Arora villages and settled there for some time. While there, they made several scouting expeditions back to the current site to weigh out possibility of reprisal attacks on occupants, mostly Fomu people and return and reclaim their land. They eventually mustered enough courage to fight off the Fomu people and reclaim the current site. The current generation, due to its association with the Arora, Sefuna and part of Awiyana people adopted the name Kosena, although the history of how the name evolved remains vague to this day.

Where are they located?
The current location for Kosena language speakers is along the border of Okapa and Kainantu district in Eastern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea. Some of the language speakers, especially from Arora, Sefuna and Awiyana are located towards the southern part of Okapa district.

What are their lives like?
The current lifestyle of the people is a mix of subsistence farming, using traditional and modern agricultural practices. The main staple food eaten all year round is English potato or kaukau. They grow vegetables such as cabbage, broccoli, tomatoes, garlic and potato.

What are their beliefs?
Many traditional cultures and practices have been done away with or are in the process of dying out as the people embrace Christianity and socio-economic changes brought about by the independence.

What are their needs?
These language speakers are declining at an alarming rate. This is probably the last generation to know most of their cultural heritage including pure language. The new generation cannot articulate well and speak Pidgin English with many substitution of phrases in between. A Tokples (native mother tongue) school needs to be set up to preserve this language.

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Country: Papua New Guinea
Continent: Australia
Region: Australia and Pacific
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Eastern Highlands province: Kainantu and Okapa districts.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kosena
People Name General: Kosena
ROP3 Code: 105252
Joshua Project People ID: 12808
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 4,900
Population all Countries: 4,900
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Pacific Islanders
People Cluster: New Guinea
People Name General: Kosena
Ethnic Code: AON09b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Kosena (4,900 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): kze    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Sub-division:Protestant
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity85.00 %(Evangelical: 16.00 %)
Ethnic Religions15.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent20.00 %
Protestant60.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic20.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a significant presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1973
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Text / Printed MatterBible: aúná-aimba simái tarúmakain-k ...
Text / Printed MatterScripture text - download
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Kosena in Papua New Guinea

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    New Guinea     Australia and Pacific    
      Kosena Papua New Guinea    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kosena in Papua New Guinea          
      Religion Language  
      Christianity     Kosena  
    All Religions                              

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