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Kurd, Kurmanji in Iraq

Kurd, Kurmanji

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Kurd, Kurmanji in Iraq map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
3,321,000 Kurdish, Northern Islam 0.10 % 0.00 %   

Kurd, Kurmanji in Iraq

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Introduction / History
The Northern Kurds (Kurmanji speakers) of Iraq live primarily along the northeastern border of Iraq, touching Iran. However, some have fled further north to escape the severe persecution of Saddam Hussein and the devastation of the Gulf War. Many live as refugees in the safe zone created after the war.

The Northern Kurds are actually part of a much greater Kurdish population. They are made up of a number of clans, tribes, and tribal confederations, many of which have been in existence for thousands of years. This large people group shares several important and common ties. Not only do they speak closely related languages, but they also share a common culture, geographical homeland, and sense of identity. Unfortunately, they share many common problems as well. Water is scarce, and they are constantly threatened by such diseases as trachoma, tuberculosis, and malaria.

What are their lives like?
The Kurds of Iraq make their living in much the same way as their relatives in Turkey and Iran, by farming and raising cattle and goats. Their homeland is also one of Iraq's major oil producing regions. Prior to the Gulf War, many lived in cities and worked in the oil industry.

The Kurds are noted for their elaborate national costumes. The men's costumes consist of baggy, colored trousers and plain shirts with huge sleeves split at the wrist and tied at the elbow. Brightly colored vests and sashes are also worn. Women usually wear heavy clothing that is embroidered with vivid colors. Today, many rural Kurds have abandoned their native costumes for western style dress.

The most important Kurdish national festival is the New Year celebration which is held on March 21st. This long ceremony may continue for a week or more. Many specific foods and condiments are prepared in advance. Special flowers are grown for the occasion and branches covered with fresh buds are cut and made to adorn the feast. New clothes are worn, and some old pottery is broken for good luck. People visit each other's homes, and old feuds and misunderstandings are reconciled. Gifts are given by seniors to their juniors in age, and high ranking social figures are paid visits and brought gifts.

What are their beliefs?
Nearly all Kurds are Muslims, most being Shafiite Sunnis. They first embraced Islam after the Arab conquests of the seventh century. They look to Islam as a basis for social justice. However, despite being predominantly Sunnis, religion has created deep rifts among the Kurds. These differences also have prejudicial overtones towards the lower class. Many of the dispossessed Kurdish minorities have become associated with the secret and unorthodox sects of Islam--the most fervently rebellious people in Kurdish society.

What are their needs?
The Kurds have endured much suffering in recent years. Their massive exodus from Iraq brought international attention to their situation as never before. As victims of the region's recent political developments, they have suffered no less than any other oppressed people group since World War II. The Iraqi secret police have often poisoned many of their Kurdish opponents both at home and abroad. Some have even been poisoned in refugee camps. The Kurds need to know that true refuge and safety can only be found in Jesus Christ.

Poor health conditions and the scarcity of water are also problems faced by the Northern Kurd. Humanitarian aid workers and medical teams are needed to live and work among them.

Most importantly, the Northern Kurd are trapped in the bondage of Islam. There are still relatively few known believers living among them. The New Testament has been translated into their language.

Prayer Points
* Ask God to send Christian medical teams and humanitarian aid workers to live among the Kurds.
* Pray that God will supply clean water for the people of Iraq.
* Pray that the Holy Spirit will give missions agencies strategies for reaching these Muslims with the Gospel.
* Ask God to use the small number of Kurdish believers as a clear Gospel witness to their own people.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften their hearts towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will raise up a strong local church among the Kurds.

View Kurd, Kurmanji in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-12-10
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-12-12
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Country: Iraq
Continent: Asia
Region: Africa, North and Middle East
Persecution Rank:13 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:2
Location in Country:North of Great Zab river, Dahuk, Ninawa, and Arbil governorates; Surchi dialect near Great Zab river.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kurd, Kurmanji
People Name General: Kurd, Kurmanji
Alternate People Names:
KermanjiKurmanji
Turkish KurdYazidi
Yezidi
ROP3 Code: 105458
Joshua Project People ID: 12877
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 3,321,000
Population all Countries: 15,411,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Persian-Median
People Cluster: Kurd
People Name General: Kurd, Kurmanji
Ethnic Code: CNT24c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Kurdish, Northern (3,321,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): kmr    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.10 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.90 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent10.00 %
Protestant3.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic87.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1856-2016
New Testament:
1872-2005Audio
Complete Bible: 2008
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Kurdish, Northern
Film / VideoLife's Gold
Film / VideoLife's Gold
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
GeneralKurdish Ministry Resources
Text / Printed MatterBible: Kurdish New Testament & Psalms
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Kurd, Kurmanji in Iraq

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Kurd     Africa, North and Middle East    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Kurd, Kurmanji Iraq    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kurd, Kurmanji in Iraq          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Kurdish, Northern  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=12877&rog3=IZ