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Lama in China

Lama

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,400 Bai, Lama Ethnic Religions 10.00 % 1.00 % No No   

Lama in China

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Identity
The Lama are one of several distinct language groups combined to form the official Nu nationality in China.

History
In 1896 the explorer Henri d'Orleans said the wild Lisu constantly raided the Lama and took them as slaves. Today, Lama villages in Bijiang retain vestiges of a patriarchal clan system. Ten clans were located in ten different villages where each had communal land. According to a 1953 survey, "a landlord economy had emerged in Bijiang County, with an increasing number of land sales, mortgages, and leases. In some places, rich peasants exploited their poorer neighbors by a system called washua, under which peasants labored in semi-serf conditions. Slavery was practiced in a fraudulent form of son adoption.

More than 1,000 Lama are located within a thin strip of land along the China-Myanmar border, primarily in and around the town of Bijiang in Yunnan Province. A 1977 figure placed a total of 3,000 Lama in both China and Myanmar. Their villages are constructed on steep 75 degree slopes. Yesterday's dangerous cane bridges across the turbulent river have given way to today's chain and rope bridges. The region is extremely mountainous, with the highest peaks rising more than 3,000 meters (9,840 ft.) above sea level. "Dense virgin forests of pines and firs cover the mountain slopes and are the habitat of tigers, leopards, bears, deer, giant hawks and pheasants.

Customs
The Lama have a custom of naming a man three times during his lifetime. The first time occurs just after birth. A male elder, usually a grandfather, gives the baby a name which will be used all his life. At the age of 14 or 15 he is given another name which can only be used among his friends and people of his own generation. When a man gets married, he is named a third time. His name is connected to his father's by prefixing his name with the last sound of his father's name.

Religion
In the past, clan leaders among the Lama also doubled as the village shamans. Their main job was to practice divination to ensure a bountiful harvest.

Christianity
Today there are believed to be a small number of Catholic believers among the Lama in China. The first Catholic missionaries in the Lama region were sent out by the Paris Foreign Missionary Society in the late 1800s. Father Jen Anshou established a work at Bai Halo. Most Catholic churches in China are not plagued by the idolatry that is often a feature of Catholicism in other countries. A Protestant mission book in the 1920s went as far as to state: "Go where you will in China, enter their churches when you will, and you will almost invariably find someone at prayer. Or again, if you are passing a little country church at the hour of its daily mass, you will find on any week day a goodly few from the village gathered there for worship.

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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:27 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:1
Location in Country:More than 1,000 Lama are located within a thin strip of land along the China-Myanmar border, primarily in and around the town of Bijiang in Yunnan Province. A 1977 figure placed a total of 3,000 Lama in both China and Myanmar. Their villages are constructed on steep 75 degree slopes. Yesterday's dangerous cane bridges across the turbulent river have given way to today's chain and rope bridges. The region is extremely mountainous, with the highest peaks rising more than 3,000 meters (9,840 ft.) above sea level. "Dense virgin forests of pines and firs cover the mountain slopes and are the habitat of tigers, leopards, bears, deer, giant hawks and pheasants."
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
   
 
Maps
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Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Lama
People Name General: Lama
Alternate People Names:
BodhLamba
LimaLosso
Nambaलामा
ROP3 Code: 105606
Joshua Project People ID: 12964
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,400
Population all Countries: 2,200
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General: Lama
Ethnic Code: MSY50r
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Bai, Lama (1,400 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): lay    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity10.00 %(Evangelical: 1.00 %)
Ethnic Religions87.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious3.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent10.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic90.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Lama in China

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Tibeto-Burman, other     Asia, Northeast    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Lama China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Lama in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Bai, Lama  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=12964&rog3=CH