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Lembak in Indonesia


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Lembak in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
238,000 Col Islam 0.01 % 0.00 % No   

Lembak in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Lembak live in the provinces of Bengkulu and South Sumatra. In South Sumatra Province, they live scattered throughout the entire region of Lubuk Linggau City. These areas include the Muara Beliti, Muara Kelingi, Batu Kuning Lakitan Ulu Trawas and Tebing Tinggi districts in the Musi Rawas regency. In the Bengkulu Province, they live in the Padang Ulak Tanding and Sindang Kelingi districts in Kepahyang regency. They also live in Karang Tinggi and Talang Empat districts in the North Bengkulu regency. In Bengkulu Province they call themselves "Sindang Kelingi" or "Lembak Sindang Merdeka" (meaning 'free'). While in the areas of Muara Beliti and Muara Kelingi, they call themselves the Saling people because they live along the Saling River. However, residents around them call them the Cul people because the word cul in their language means "no". In the Karang Tinggi and Talang Empat districts the Lembak call themselves Lembak Delapan. It is said that this name emerged because they used to only consist of 8 villages.

What are their lives like?
The Lembak family system is patrilineal with a bilateral (traced through both parents) lineage of descent. There are three common ways of living for newlyweds. First, they can live in their own home. Second is the bejojoh custom of living with the groom's relatives. The third is the semendo custom of living with the bride's relatives. The Lembak's main source of livelihood is through cultivating rice in both irrigated and un-irrigated fields. Not many of them work in the rubber plantations. Many Lembak also have small-scale brick-making factories in rural villages. The women help work in the rice fields and also manage the household. Among the Lembak, there is a tendency for individuals to leave their homes in order to gain more work experience elsewhere. However, when leaving the home, there is an obligation of dua beradik which means two relatives must go with the person leaving. Their other common means of livelihood is as coffee and rubber farmers. The Rawas rely on rubber farming more in order to support their economic needs. Rubber can be harvested daily to provide income for people's daily needs. The Lembak sell various types of produce which are not sold by others in the area such as katu leaves (a type of bush yielding edible leaves and berries), cassava leaves, guavas, bananas and more. The Lembak often give away their crop yields because they only grow them in small quantities and they would be ashamed to sell their produce to their own relatives. However, they are allowed to sell goods to each other such as those found in small neighborhood shops.

What are their beliefs?
Most Lembak people have embraced Islam, although a large part of the community still adheres to animistic beliefs also. Most believe in the power of unseen spirits inhabiting sacred places. The services of a shaman are often sought for healing the sick, exorcising evil spirits and for other reasons. In one notable case involving religious differences, there was an incident in which a Christian volleyball player's house was burned down. It started with a volleyball match between residents and transmigrants. One player was a Christian. The residents were defeated and, not being satisfied with the outcome, they were angry and burned down the house of the Christian player. Even though the emotions of keen sporting competition was a factor, religious differences seem to have been the primary cause.

What are their needs?
They also need to raise the standard of education and training for young people so they can qualify for better jobs. Raising their standards of practice for coffee farming will also help them to be more productive as coffee farmers.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-05-28
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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Sumatra, Sumatera Selatan and Bengkulu provinces, Lubuklinggau and Muaraklingi areas south, east, and north generally; very small enclave just east of Bengkulu city.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Lembak
People Name General: Lembak
Alternate People Names:
Oran SindangOrang Sindang
Sindang Kelingi
ROP3 Code: 105706
Joshua Project People ID: 13028
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 238,000
Population all Countries: 238,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Musi of Sumatra
People Name General: Lembak
Ethnic Code: MSY44k
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Col (238,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): liw    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Lembak
Dialect Code:12856
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.01 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.99 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant100.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 2020
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Col
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Lembak in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Musi of Sumatra     Asia, Southeast    
      Lembak Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Lembak in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Col  
    All Religions                              

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