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Bedouin, Eastern Bedawi in Egypt

Bedouin, Eastern Bedawi

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Bedouin, Eastern Bedawi in Egypt map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,284,000 Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % No   

Bedouin, Eastern Bedawi in Egypt

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Introduction / History
The traditional homeland of the Bedouin Arabs is the Arabian Desert. Some Bedouin groups have migrated north into the Negev Desert region of Israel. Most are sheep and goat herders. The largest of these groups are the Banu Sakhr and the al-Huwaytat.

The Bedouin fall into two basic social classes. One class is known as the "true" Bedouin, and they live as nomadic shepherds. The other group has embraced farming and is known as the fellahin. The fellahin lead a more settled life on the edge of the desert. In contrast, the "true" Bedouin have been known for raiding any caravans that cross their path while journeying across barren deserts. They move into the desert during the rainy winter seasons and back to the desert's edge during the hot, dry summers. They speak Badawi, or as it is more commonly called, Bedouin Arabic.

What are their lives like?
The Bedouin Arabs have a relatively harsh existence. The nomads have no permanent homes, but live in portable, black tents made from woven, goat hair. The tents are divided by a decorative partition called a gata. Half of the tent is for the women, children, cooking utensils, and storage. The other half contains a fireplace and is used for entertaining. The women do most of the work, while the men socialize and make plans for the group.

The material culture of the Bedouin is limited. Their tents are their main possessions, and animals are very important for their nomadic lifestyle. Camels are their primary means of transportation, while sheep and goats are bought and sold.

Dairy products are the main food source for the Bedouin. Milk from camels and goats is made into yogurt and butter. Most of their meals consist of at least a bowl of milk, yogurt, or rice. Round loaves of unleavened bread are served when available. Dates, which can be found in desert oases, are eaten for dessert. Meat is only served on special occasions such as marriage feasts, ceremonial events, or when guests are present.

To endure the extreme heat of the desert, the Bedouin wear lightweight, light-colored clothing. It is very loose-fitting, allowing for the circulation of air.

Although the Bedouin once considered it degrading to have manual labor jobs, this has changed somewhat in recent years. Due to the need for better health conditions, more money, and better living conditions, some have accepted wage-paying jobs. However, most of them still despise this type of work.

What are their beliefs?
The overwhelming majority of the Bedouin are Sunni Muslims. Islam is based on the teachings of the prophet, Mohammed. The Koran ("holy book" of Islam) was supposedly given to Mohammed by the angel Gabriel.

Islam is a religion of works that is centered on five basic "pillars."
(1) A Muslim must affirm that "there is no god but Allah, and Mohammed is his prophet."
(2) Five times a day he must pray while facing Mecca.
(3) He must give an obligatory percentage (very similar to tithes) on an annual basis.
(4) He must fast during Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim year.
(5) He must try to make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca in his lifetime.

Islam has greatly influenced the lives of the Bedouin. For example, to preserve their people, the Bedouin are only allowed to marry those inside their own group. Also, the society is patrilineal, which means that inheritances are passed down through the males.

What are their needs?
According to Islamic law, a Muslim who professes faith in Jesus Christ could be put to death. Perhaps this explains why there are so few known Bedouin believers in Israel at the present time.

Evangelization efforts among the Bedouin are challenging due to the harsh and unsettled nature of their lifestyle. Missionaries who are able to endure the severe conditions of the Negev Desert are needed.

Prayer Points
Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to reach out and share the love of Christ with them.
Pray that God will raise up faithful intercessors who will stand in the gap for the Bedouin.
Ask God to strengthen, encourage, and protect the few known Christian Bedouin living in Israel.
Pray that their traditional Muslim culture will soften, creating open doors for the Gospel to be preached among them.
Ask the Holy Spirit to open the hearts of the Bedouin Arabs towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
Ask the Lord to raise up strong local fellowships of believers among the Bedouin.
* Pray for completion of Bible translation in this people group's primary language.

View Bedouin, Eastern Bedawi in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-11-15
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-12-06
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-12-21
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-12-08
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-05-17
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-12-24
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-12-12
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Country: Egypt
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, North and Middle East
Persecution Rank:35 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Mainly Bedouin regions in Sinai, Janub Sina’ and Shamal Sina’ governorates; parts of Red Sea coast, almost to south border, east bank, Bur Sa’id, Al Isma’iliyah, As Suways, and Al Bahr al Ahmar governorates.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Bedouin, Eastern Bedawi
People Name General: Bedouin, Levantine
Alternate People Names:
Bedawi ArabBedouin Arab
DakhlaLevantine Arab
Levantine BedawiMaaza Bedouin
Negev Bedouin
ROP3 Code: 105735
Joshua Project People ID: 13046
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,284,000
Population all Countries: 1,600,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Arab World
People Cluster: Bedouin, Arabian
People Name General: Bedouin, Levantine
Ethnic Code: CMT30
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken (1,284,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): avl    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Negev
Dialect Code:7084
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 2004
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsArabic Bible Online
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Arabic, Eastern Egyp ...
GeneralGospel resources links
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Bedouin, Eastern Bedawi in Egypt

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Bedouin, Arabian     Africa, North and Middle East    
      Bedouin, Levantine Egypt    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Bedouin, Eastern Bedawi in Egypt          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken  
    All Religions                              

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