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Yakthumba, Limbu in Bhutan

Yakthumba, Limbu

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,700 Nepali Other / Small 3.75 % Unknown   

Yakthumba, Limbu in Bhutan

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Introduction / History
The Yakthumbas are commonly called the Limbu people. The Limbu are a sub-group of the Kirant people. They speak a dialect of Kirant which is a Tibeto Burman language.

The origin of the Limbu is uncertain, but they are clearly of Mongolian descent. In the later part of the 1700s, Nepal was formed by uniting various ethnic groups and principalities under a high caste Hindu dynasty. This conquest resulted in ethnic and cultural splits with the Limbu.

There are 13 Limbu sub-groups. Legend says that five of the groups came from Varanasi, India and the other eight from Lhasa, Tibet. There is no social discrimination among the Limbu sub-groups, although there are a number of different clans and sects.

Where are they located?
The Limbu live mainly in eastern Nepal between the Arun River and the border of the Sikkim state in India. They have a significant population in India, and a small one in Bhutan.

What are their lives like?
Agriculture is the main source of income for the Limbu. Rice and maize are their principal crops. Although the abundance of land has made cultivation of new acreage possible, productivity is greatly limited by insufficient technology. Excess crops are often traded for food that cannot be grown in the region or for necessary items.

The men generally plow the fields and the women plant the seeds. However, at harvest time, both men and women work together to bring in the crops. Extended families often unite to help each other during harvest time.

In the past, marriages were arranged by the families. Neither the bride nor the groom had much say about the marriage payments or ceremonies. Modern times have changed this; today, both parties have an opportunity to make decisions about the wedding. There are three types of legal marriages: adultery, arrangement, and abduction. In the case of adultery, a compensation must be paid to the previous husband.

Women are quite influential within Limbu families, especially if the husbands are in the military and stay away for long periods of time. However, a woman is not fully recognized until she bears her first child.

Drinking and dancing are very important to the Limbu. Weddings, mourning, gift exchanges, and settlements of conflicts all involve much consumption of liquor. Dances are held if visitors come to the village. These affairs give the young people a chance to meet and enjoy dancing and drinking.

The Limbu society is patrilineal, which means that the line of descent is traced through the males. Related families make up clans. When a clan member dies, the entire group is considered polluted. They then must all go through a period of re-purification.

What are their beliefs?
The Limbu are predominantly Buddhists but participate in many popular Hindu festivals. They also have a number of worship practices that involve blood sacrifices. They believe that when a woman marries, she inherits her mother's gods. The woman and her husband then recognize the deities as their household gods. Fortunately, there are some Limbu believers who can be Christ-bearers to this people group.

What are their needs?
The Limbu people need the hope and joy of knowing their Creator and following the Savior who alone can forgive sins and direct their lives.

Prayer Points
* Pray for a "Book of Acts" type of movement to Christ among the Limbu people in Bhutan.
* Pray for the Limbu people to understand and embrace that Jesus wants to bless their families and neighborhoods.
* Pray for Holy Spirit anointed believers from the Limbu people to change their society from within.
* Pray for a movement in which the Holy Spirit leads and empowers disciples to make more disciples.
* Pray for a movement of Jesus to heal and strengthen Limbu communities.

References
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/13065/NP
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/13065/IN

View Yakthumba, Limbu in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-08-11
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Country: Bhutan
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:33 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:1,700
Largest Provinces:
Western (1,300)Eastern (300)
Southern (200)
Total Provinces on file:3
Location in Country:5 villages: Adha, Rukha, Wangling, Jangji, Thrumzur. The 2 dialects are separated by the Black Mountains
(Source: Ethnologue 2010)
   
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Yakthumba, Limbu
People Name General: Yakthumba, Limbu
Alternate People Names:
Black MountainChaang
ChangMonpa
Ole MonpaOlekha
Tsonoलिम्बू
ROP3 Code: 105776
Joshua Project People ID: 13065
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 1,700
Population all Countries: 511,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: South Himalaya
People Name General: Yakthumba, Limbu
Ethnic Code: MSY50k
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Nepali
Language Code (ISO): npi    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (Unknown)Limbu (Unknown)
Total Languages: 3
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Other / Small
Religion Sub-division:Kirati
Major Religions:
Buddhism10.00 % 
Christianity3.75 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism15.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small71.25 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1850-1961
New Testament:
1821-2010Audio
Complete Bible: 1914-2004
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Nepali
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoNew Way (Naya Goreto)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoUntil We Met
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible: नेपाली - Nepali
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Yakthumba, Limbu in Bhutan

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    South Himalaya     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Yakthumba, Limbu Bhutan    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Yakthumba, Limbu in Bhutan          
      Religion Language  
      Other / Small     Nepali  
    Global    
Language
 
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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=13065&rog3=IN