People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Yakthumba, Limbu in India

Yakthumba, Limbu

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Yakthumba, Limbu in India map

Flash Map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
146,000 Nepali Hinduism 9.54 % Unknown   

Yakthumba, Limbu in India

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
The majority of the Limbu live in the extreme eastern section of Nepal; however, a few live in the adjacent Indian states of Sikkim and West Bengal. They live primarily in the area between the high Himalayan Mountains and the plains of northern India.

The Limbu are closely related to the neighboring Rai. Together, the two groups comprise the Kiranti, a large tribal group which lives in much of eastern Nepal. The Limbu are of Mongolian descent and speak a dialect of Kiranti called Limbu, which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

The Limbu are known and admired for their bravery, fearlessness, and strong work ethic. They enjoy drinking and dancing, and these two activities are practiced at nearly all important events, including weddings, funerals, gift exchanges, and conflict settlements. These events give the young people opportunities not only to enjoy the drinking and dancing, but also to meet one another.

What are their lives like?
The Limbu are almost exclusively farmers, growing rice, corn, and millet as staple crops. They often use a mixture of straw, leaves, and manure to fertilize their fields. Those who live at lower elevations often cultivate rice on terraces that are painstakingly carved out of the mountainside. The terraces are irrigated by diverting streams or springs and allowing them to flow down from one terrace to the next. In addition to their cultivated fields, nearly all the Limbu have gardens near their homes, where crops such as spinach, cabbage, potatoes, mangoes, and oranges are grown. In an effort to generate extra income for their families, many Limbu men join either the Nepalese or Indian army.

A poor Limbu family may live in a house made of mud or bamboo with a straw roof. In contrast, a wealthy family may inhabit a two-story stone structure with an iron-sheet roof. However, the most common type of home is more durable than the first type but less elaborate than the second. Most houses are poorly ventilated, poorly lighted, and have little furniture. At the front of the house, there is usually a verandah that faces a large courtyard. The courtyard is used as a place to carry out family chores and to spend leisure time.

In Limbu families, the wife plays a very active role. This is partially due to the fact that the husband often leaves to join the army to generate more income. During her husband's prolonged absences, the wife holds the family together and is the main decision-maker concerning household matters. When a young woman marries, she lives in constant fear of her mother-in-law. Many brides return home because they are unable get along with their mothers-in-law. Until the bride is accepted by her husband's mother, the marriage remains quite shaky.

Interestingly, the Limbu are hesitant to address each other by name. Calling out a name in public is taboo and creates embarrassment.

What are their beliefs?
Many Limbu follow a combination of Buddhism and their traditional beliefs. While they recognize and participate in many important Hindu festivals, they also hold animal sacrifices to appease their gods, a practice condemned by Hinduism. The Limbu do believe in a god who created the universe, but they worship him as a force or energy rather than as a personal being.

The Limbu believe that after a woman marries, she inherits her mother's gods, who are then recognized as the gods of the young woman's household. If her husband commits an offense or causes a problem, he is required to be washed clean of his deed in order to appease the household gods.

What are their needs?
Very few of the Limbu have become Christians. Nearly all continue to follow Buddhism, Hinduism, and their traditional ethnic religion. Christian intercessors are the key to breaking the power that Satan has over their lives.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to call Spirit-filled Christians who will share the Gospel with the Limbu of India.
* Ask the Lord to strengthen, embolden, and protect the small number of Limbu believers.
* Ask God to raise up a mighty army of prayer warriors who will faithfully intercede for the Limbu.

View Yakthumba, Limbu in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:146,000
Largest States:
West Bengal (55,000)Sikkim (54,000)
Assam (29,000)Uttarakhand (1,600)
Meghalaya (1,100)Manipur (1,000)
Himachal Pradesh (900)Arunachal Pradesh (600)
Mizoram (600)Uttar Pradesh (200)
Total States on file:20
   
 
Maps
Submit Map:
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Yakthumba, Limbu
People Name General: Yakthumba, Limbu
Alternate People Names:
Black MountainChaang
ChangMonpa
Ole MonpaOlekha
Tsonoलिम्बू
ROP3 Code: 105776
Joshua Project People ID: 13065
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 146,000
Population all Countries: 528,000
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: South Himalaya
People Name General: Yakthumba, Limbu
Ethnic Code: MSY50k
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Nepali (113,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): npi    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Limbu (21,000)Bengali (4,800)
Hindi (2,400)Assamese (400)
Lepcha (300)Newar (200)
Total Languages: 7
   
 
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism3.76 % 
Christianity9.54 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism63.14 % 
Islam0.09 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small22.44 % 
Unknown1.01 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 1850-1961
New Testament:
1821-2010Audio
Complete Bible: 1914-2004
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Nepali
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoNew Way (Naya Goreto)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoUntil We Met
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible: नेपाली - Nepali
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Yakthumba, Limbu in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    South Himalaya     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Yakthumba, Limbu India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Yakthumba, Limbu in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Nepali  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=13065&rog3=IN