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Makian, East in Indonesia

Makian, East

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Makian, East in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
34,000 Makian, East Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Makian, East in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Makian Timur (East Makian), also called the Makian Dalam (Inner Makian), live on the east coast of the island of Makian. The rest of the island is inhabited by the Makian Barat (West Makian or Outer Makian). Makian is part of the province of North Maluku. The Maluku Islands, historically called the "Spice Islands," consist of over one thousand islands scattered throughout eastern Indonesia. They include most of the islands between Sulawesi and Papua and between Timor and the Philippines. The Makian Timur people can also be found in small communities on the islands of Bacan, Obi and Mori Kayoa. The islands on which the Makian live have many volcanoes, one of which is Kei Besi, which has erupted several times. Its sudden eruption in 1975 claimed many lives and caused the government to evacuate residents near the volcano to Malifut on Halmahera Island. In the past, most observers classified the Makian as one people group with one language consisting of two dialects. However, careful linguistic analysis has shown that the West Makian language, Jitinee, is par of the West Papuan language cluster, while the East Makian language, Tabayama, is part of the Austronesiam language cluster. The Makian Timur language is part of a larger linguistic grouping called the South Halmahera which also includes the Gane, Buli, Maba, Patani, Sawai and Irarutu.

What are their lives like?
Most Makian Timur are farmers. Since their land is not appropriate for growing rice, their primary crops are corn and bananas. Infertile land (called jerame) is generally left to lie fallow for as long as 7-10 years. Such land becomes available for use by anyone who wishes, until the owner returns to work it again. The Makian Timur also cultivate coconuts, which are processed to become copra. The Makian Timur who live on Halmahera and other islands mostly work as fishermen, using fishing rods and hooks, dragnets, or large bamboo fish traps. The social system of the Makian Timur is a clan system, in which each family line in known as a soa. Individuals must marry someone from outside their soa. Traditionally, a new couple lives in the neighborhood of the husband's family.

What are their beliefs?
As Muslims, the Makian Timur practice rites such as circumcision, prayer services at the mosque and fasting during the month of Ramadan. Traditional beliefs about the supernatural realm, however, have a powerful influence on their daily lives. The shaman is a powerful figure in Makian Timur communities. Islam was brought to the Makian Timur through a man named Mohamad Arzad, a Minangkabau Muslim from West Sumatra. He married the daughter of the Makian king and they had four children, named Torano, Bangsa, Um Imam and Sangaji.

What are their needs?
The Makian Timur need better means of sea transportation, in order to expedite their trade and relationships with the communities of the neighboring islands. Formal and informal education is also needed to increase their income and improve their quality of life.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-06-15
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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Maluku Utara Province, Kota Tidore Kepaluan regency, Halmahera island, west coast, nearby east Makian, south Mori, Kayoa, Bacan, and Obi islands.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Makian, East
People Name General: Makian, East
Alternate People Names:
East MakianeseMakian, East
ROP3 Code: 106091
Joshua Project People ID: 13423
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 34,000
Population all Countries: 34,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Maluku-Northern
People Name General: Makian, East
Ethnic Code: MSY44v
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Makian, East (34,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mky    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions20.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam80.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Makian, East in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Maluku-Northern     Asia, Southeast    
      Makian, East Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Makian, East in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Makian, East  
    All Religions                              

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