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Makian, West in Indonesia

Makian, West

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Makian, West in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
46,000 Makian, West Islam 25.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Makian, West in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Makian Barat (West Makian), also called the Makian Luar (Outer Makian), occupy all of the island of Makian except the east coast, which is inhabited by the Makian Timur (East Makian or Inner Makian). Makian is part of the province of North Maluku. The Maluku Islands, historically called the "Spice Islands," consist of over one thousand islands scattered throughout eastern Indonesia. They include most of the islands between Sulawesi and Papua and between Timor and the Philippines. Makian Island is mountainous and is the home of a volcano called Kei Besi, which has erupted several times and claimed many lives. In 1975, with no prior warning, Mount Kei Besi erupted violently. This prompted the national and provincial governments to begin to relocate residents living near the volcano to the nearby island of Halmahera. As a result, many small communities of Makian Barat people live on the Kayoa islands, located to the south of Makian island. In the past, most observers classified the Makian as one people group with one language consisting of two dialects. However, careful linguistic analysis has shown that the West Makian language, Jitinee, is part of the West Papuan language cluster, while the East Makian language, Tabayama, is part of the Austronesiam language cluster. The Makian Barat language is part of a larger linguistic grouping called the North Halmahera which also includes the Galela, Laba, Loloda, Modole, Pagu Tabalu, Tobelo, Tugutil, Gamkonora, Ibu, Kau, sahu, Waioli, Ternate and Tidore.

What are their lives like?
Most Makian Barat are farmers. Primary crops include rice, corn, sweet potatoes, legumes, spices and vegetables. To fell trees, the Makian use short knives (samaran) and axes (tamako) and to plant rice and corn they use canes (hamasik or leko). They also catch fish for their daily needs. In the past, Makian Island was known for producing cloves and nutmeg. One of the important customs of the Makian community is mayakalo, mutual cooperation in work - such as clearing forests, preparing farm land, building homes, wedding celebrations and funerals. The concept of mayakalo is clearly displayed in the movements of the Cawa dance.

What are their beliefs?
The Makian generally adhere to Islam. The influence of Islam is strongly evident in Makian arts, such as chanted recitation of prayer, the Salaijin dance, recitation of the Qur'an and the debus performance involving a display of magic. The debus performance is connected with an ancient ancestral system of supernatural power, which includes stabbing oneself without suffering harm.

What are their needs?
The Makian Barat need to improve their skills in agricultural technology, in order to produce greater crop yields. They also need better infrastructure to improve transportation of their goods to markets, so their crops can sell for higher prices. The Makian Barat are also short of preventative medicine and adequate medical treatment. Because of the costs and distance, trips to seek medical attention are usually made as a last resort and are often too late.

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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Maluku Utara Province; south Halmahera island, southwest coast near Gita town; west Makian island, some Kayoa islands.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Makian, West
People Name General: Makian, West
Alternate People Names:
Makian, WestWest Makianese
ROP3 Code: 106092
Joshua Project People ID: 13424
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 46,000
Population all Countries: 46,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Maluku-Northern
People Name General: Makian, West
Ethnic Code: MSY44v
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Makian, West (46,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mqs    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity25.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions25.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam50.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent60.00 %
Protestant40.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Makian, West in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Maluku-Northern     Asia, Southeast    
      Makian, West Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Makian, West in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Makian, West  
    All Religions                              

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