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Mandingo, Mandinka in Senegal

Mandingo, Mandinka

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Mandingo, Mandinka in Senegal map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
949,000 Mandinka Islam 0.70 % 0.05 %   

Mandingo, Mandinka in Senegal

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Introduction / History
The Mandinka speak Mandinka, one of many Manding languages. The Manding languages are spoken in nine African nations by several million people. Although some of these languages have no written script, their oral literature is regarded as some of the best in the world.

Most Manding speakers can trace their roots back to the once great Mali Empire, which rose to power in the 1200s under the rule of the "lion king," Sundiata. After unifying the kingdom, Sundiata began conquering the surrounding peoples.

There are three clear divisions within Mandinka society: free-born, artisans, and slaves. The free-born class is the most diverse. It formerly consisted of only noble rulers. Today, however, it includes merchants, farmers, and others. The artisans include leather craftsmen, blacksmiths, and singers, or griots. Artisans are looked upon with fear and awe because their crafts often involve spiritual rituals.

What are their lives like?
Most of the Mandinka are farmers. Rice, millet, sorghum, and peanuts are their staple crops. While they raise most of their own food, some products are obtained through trade and some are gathered from the forests. During planting and harvesting seasons, much time is spent in the fields. At other times, the men work in part-time businesses to supplement their incomes. Others raise goats, sheep, bees, poultry, and dogs. Cattle are sometimes kept, but only to gain prestige, to use as ritual sacrifices, or to use as a bride price.

Mandinka society is patrilineal (male-dominated) and the smallest social unit is the family. The oldest male serves as the head of the lineage. (A "minor lineage" consists of a man and his immediate family. A "major lineage" consists of households of relatives and their families.) Clans can be recognized by their symbolic emblems, animals, and plants. If someone travels to another village, he is shown hospitality by the villagers who share his last name.

Mandinka villages are made up of clans, or family groups all having the same name. Each village is surrounded by a wall, and the homes are either round or rectangular. They are made of mud with either thatch or tin roofs. The men do the heavy farm work, hunt, and fish, while the women cook, clean, care for the children, and help with the farming. They also help the men gather produce from the forests.

Traditionally, parents arranged their daughters' marriages while the girls were still infants. Today, marriages are still arranged, but not as early. The groom is required to work for the bride's family both before and after the wedding. He must also pay the girl's family a bride price. Unlimited polygamy is permitted among the Mandinka, but men rarely have more than three wives.

What are their beliefs?
Islam was first introduced to the Mali Empire by foreign merchants. Gradually, Islam was blended with their traditional beliefs, which involved worshiping the spirits of the land. Today, it is not uncommon for someone to first pray in the village mosque, then sacrifice a chicken to the village spirit.

Most of the Mandinka observe Islamic rituals with little understanding of what they really mean. They view Allah as being the one supreme god. However, they also see him as inaccessible and little concerned with the daily affairs of his creation. Many of the Mandinka consult marabouts (Muslim holy men) for healing, protective amulets, or insight into the future.

What are their needs?
Life in Senegal is difficult. In rural areas, there are problems with drought and famine, as well as periodic plagues of locusts. Overuse of the farmland has also caused the soil to lose its fertility. Wells sometimes go dry for weeks or even months before the inadequate annual rainfall replenishes the water table.

Unfortunately very few of the people can read. Perhaps Christian teachers will find open doors to reach them with the Gospel.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies currently focusing on the Mandinka.
* Pray for the effectiveness of the Jesus film among the Mandinka.
* Pray that God will give the Mandinka believers boldness to share the love of Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the spiritual soil of Senegal through worship and intercession.
* Pray that strong local churches will be planted among the Mandinka of Senegal.

View Mandingo, Mandinka in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-05-16
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-02-04
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Country: Senegal
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Sedhiou region: Casamance river north to The Gambia; Ziguinchor region: south of Casamance river; Kolda region: southeast border with Guinea, Oussadou area.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Mandingo, Mandinka
People Name General: Mandingo, Mandinka
Alternate People Names:
MalinkeMandinko
Sose
ROP3 Code: 106233
Joshua Project People ID: 13491
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 949,000
Population all Countries: 1,991,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Malinke
People Name General: Mandingo, Mandinka
Ethnic Code: NAB63h
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Mandinka (949,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mnk    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.70 %(Evangelical: 0.05 %)
Ethnic Religions0.50 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam98.80 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent3.00 %
Protestant2.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic95.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1837-2000
New Testament:
1989Audio
Complete Bible: 2013
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Mandinka
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Mandingo, Mandinka in Senegal

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Malinke     Africa, West and Central    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Mandingo, Mandinka Senegal    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Mandingo, Mandinka in Senegal          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Mandinka  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=13491&rog3=SG