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Moor in France

Moor

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Moor in France map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
19,000 Hassaniyya Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % No   

Moor in France

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Introduction / History
The term "Moor" is generally applied to any person, regardless of skin color, who speaks one of the Hassaniya dialects. Therefore, there are both black and white Moors who speak the same language. This language, in its purest form, draws heavily from the original Yemeni Arabic spoken by the Bani Hassan tribe, which invaded northwest Africa during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

Moorish society is primarily nomadic and is organized into successive ranks of tribes, clans, sub-clans, and tent units. Several tribes form a tribal alliance. Their social structure resembles that of other Saharan and Arab tribal societies, with variations due to the West African environment and history. Over the years, many wars, bandit raids, and organized attacks took place in this region, causing the nomads to live in a constant state of insecurity. As a result, a complex social structure emerged. Today, the Moors have four basic class divisions based on heritage, race, and occupation. The White Moors form the two upper classes, while the Black Moors make up the two lower classes.

What are their lives like?
The Moors who live in various parts of Africa are primarily farmers. However, the Black and White Moors of Senegal are relatively urbanized and work in various trades. This has caused the traditional structures of Moorish society to change considerably.

A White Moor is ethnologically defined as "a nomad of Berber-Arab origin." They represent the two upper classes of Moorish society: the 'adma (nobility) and the lahma (commoners). The 'adma is further sub-divided into two groups: the hassan and the zawya (warriors and religious leaders). The responsibility of the warriors is to protect the religious leaders. In turn, the religious leaders provide moral, spiritual, legal, and political services for their protectors; instruct their children; minister to their sick and wounded; act as intercessors between God and man; chase away evil spirits; prevent curses; and settle disputes. In this way, the hassan and the zawya benefit each other.

The lahma (commoners) are also grouped into classes which act as servants to either the warriors or the religious leaders. The lahma are only allowed to marry within their own social class. Some of the lahma may be warriors or religious leaders; however, modern governmental orders to disarm have led most of them to become monks or nuns.

The Black Moors make up the lower classes of Moorish society. They live in a world of their own, usually one of slavery. There are two types of Black Moors: the 'abd-le-tilad (those slaves who belong to the tents and are part of the family), and the 'abd-le-tarbiya (acquired slaves). Even though slavery is now against the law, it continues to be a fundamental part of the social and economic structure of the Moors.

The Moors are a very proud people, conveying a sense of superiority to others in the area. Within their society, the Koran is faithfully followed. Marriages are pre-arranged by the parents, with the groom's father requesting the hand of the bride. A Moorish woman does not marry against her family's wishes. She is given a dowry (money or property) upon marriage.

When Moors from different nomadic tribes meet, certain rigid customs are followed. These customs (a consequence of the long history of raids in the desert) are used by the groups to regulate the meeting. For example, when conversing, several mannerisms are used to indicate their involvement in the conversation. If a Moor blows on his hand during a conversation, it means he does not believe anything that is being said. If he puts his finger in his ear, it means that he is not interested in what is being said.

Each tribe believes that they are the descendants of a common male ancestor. At times this has led to open hostility between tribes. However, tribes often have peaceful competitions as a means of securing their ancestral, tribal positions. The traditional ranking order of the tribes greatly affects the personal relationships Moors have with one another, whether in the desert, in town, or in the city.

What are their beliefs?
The Moors of Senegal are virtually all Sunni (orthodox) Muslims who follow the Malikite tradition. Islam is based on the teachings of Mohammed. Their holy book, the Koran, was said to have been given to Mohammed by the angel Gabriel.

There are five essential duties in Islam: (1) to affirm that there is no god but Allah, and Mohammed is his prophet; (2) to pray five times a day while facing Mecca; (3) to give alms generously; (4) to observe prescribed fasts; and (5) to try to make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca.

The Moors acknowledge two main Islamic brotherhoods: the Qadiri and the Tajani. The Qadiri is the most widespread group and is characterized by many secret societies that are saturated with mysticism.

What are their needs?
Unfortunately, there has been little response to the Gospel. Prayer is the key to seeing them reached with the Gospel.

Prayer Points
* Pray that God will grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Moors.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Moors towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will open the hearts of Senegal's governmental leaders to the Gospel.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Moors.
* Pray for completion of Bible translation in this people group's primary language.

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Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-04-08
Link Up Africa
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Country: France
Continent: Europe
Region: Europe, Western
10/40 Window: No
   
 
Maps
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Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Moor
People Name General: Moor
Alternate People Names:
BidanBidan Maure
BithanHassaniya
White Moor
ROP3 Code: 106417
Joshua Project People ID: 13592
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 19,000
Population all Countries: 4,594,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Arab World
People Cluster: Arab, Hassaniya
People Name General: Moor
Ethnic Code: CMT32y
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Hassaniyya (19,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mey    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam90.00 % 
Non-Religious10.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Yes
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsAudio New Testament
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Hassaniyya
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hassaniyya
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Moor in France

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Arab, Hassaniya     Europe, Western    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Moor France    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Moor in France          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Hassaniyya  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=13592&rog3=FR