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Minangkabau in Indonesia


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Minangkabau in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
6,864,000 Minangkabau Islam 0.26 % 0.02 %   

Minangkabau in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Minangkabau (also called the Minang) come from West Sumatra Province and are the majority ethnic group in all areas of the province other than in the islands inhabited by the Mentawai people. They speak the Minang language, which has many dialects. They are famous for their tradition of leaving their home village and working in other areas to find their fortune. Many of them have moved to other regions of Indonesia. They are the fourth largest ethnic group in Indonesia and have a great deal of influence. The very name Minangkabau witnesses to a high degree of wit. Literally the name is said to mean "winning" (menang) "water buffalo" (kabau or kerbau). It supposedly reflects an ancient contest that was used to determine the outcome of a war. The Javanese "champion" was a huge buffalo, while the Minangkabau chose an unweaned calf. After starving the calf before the fight, they tied a knife to its snout. When the animals met, the hunger-crazed Minangkabau calf tried to nurse, causing the Javanese beast to bleed to death. Today, the water buffalo figures prominently in Minangkabau myth, culture and architecture. Traditional Minangkabau homes have roof eaves that soar outwards like the horns of the buffalo.

What are their lives like?
In the past, Minangkabau villages were small and led by a chief and his advisors. Every village had autonomy. Kings and nobles were not allowed to interfere. Other than owning restaurants, Minangkabau also are famous as traders. They deal primarily in clothing and jewlery The Minangkabau are very proud of their traditions. In their matrilineal culture, the family name and the family wealth is inherited by the daughter. In the house, much of the responsibilities are held by the wife's brother, called ninik mamak. This uncle is required to take care of his nephews and nieces and watch over everything connected to the family heirlooms and inheiritance. The role of the uncle is decreasing these days as more Minangkabau change to the more common way of life of the husband leading the house. This change is primarily seen in Minangkabau who have moved out of the Minangkabau areas to find their fortune. The Minangkabau are famous nationwide for their cuisine. They have restaurants literally all over country. They are also famous as traders. They deal primarily in clothing and jewlery.

What are their beliefs?
Most Minangkabau are orthodox Muslims. There is a Minangkabau saying, "To be Minangkabau is to be Muslim". The Minangkabau who leave Islam are disowned by their family and neighborhood and lose their job. In the 1800s, the Dutch took advantage of a conflict between the guardians of Minangkabau traditions and the Muslim religious leaders to increase their power in the area. Once the religious leaders united with the traditional elders to oppose the Dutch, Islam was added to the Minangkabau traditions.

What are their needs?
In education and business, the Minangkabau are relatively better off than other ethnic groups in Indonesia. Nevertheless, education and industry in West Sumatra still need improvement. Home industries are mainly weaving, sewing and knitting. These crafts have the potential to be increased. Tourism is the only other industry that could be developed in the Mentawai islands and the areas of Lake Maninjau, Lake Singkrak and Bukittinggi.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-07-06
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-06-16
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-06-10
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-05-14
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-06-26
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-12-24
Minangkabau - Virtual Prayer Walk
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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:28 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Widespread in the Indonesian Archipelago; west central Sumatra, Padang area. Nearly half live outside central Sumatra; South Sumatra, west coast Mukomuko area
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Minangkabau
People Name General: Minangkabau
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 106640
Joshua Project People ID: 13724
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 6,864,000
Population all Countries: 6,864,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Minangkabau-Rejang of Sumatra
People Name General: Minangkabau
Ethnic Code: MSY44k
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Minangkabau
Language Code (ISO): min    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Indonesian, Makassar (Unknown)
Total Languages: 2
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.02 % 
Christianity0.26 %(Evangelical: 0.02 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.72 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent10.00 %
Protestant90.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1980-1990
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFinding True Peace
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Minangkabau
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralGospel resources links
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Minangkabau
Text / Printed MatterBible: Minangkabau
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Minangkabau in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Minangkabau-Rejang of Sumatra     Asia, Southeast    
      Minangkabau Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Minangkabau in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Minangkabau  
    All Religions                              

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