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Miskito in Nicaragua


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
146,000 Miskito Christianity 90.00 % 4.00 %   

Miskito in Nicaragua

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Introduction / History
Miskito Creoles (MC's) descended from Amerindians and African slaves who were shipwrecked on the eastern side of what is now Nicaragua. Most Miskitos live in the southern part of the now autonomous eastern region. Gordon (1978) says that for MCs language maintenance is the single most important factor in MC identity. MC is the second language of most Miskito's and some Ladinos (Holm 1989). Several MC communities are very isolated with little outside contact. MC is used in homes, Creole neighborhoods, churches, and some workplaces. Most desire an MC N.T. translation. But unless there is some united effort and institutional support of MC language maintenance and development, they may lost their language.

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Country: Nicaragua
Continent: North America
Region: America, Latin
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Jinotega, Atlántico Norte and Atlántico Sur departments; Bihmuna, Bocana de Paiwas, Bonanza, Karawala, Leimus, Prinzapolka, Puerto Cabeza city, Rosita, San Carlos (Río Coco), Sangnilaya, Sisin, Siuna, Tronquera, Wasla, Waspam; Río Coco area and Pearl lagoon to Black river coast and lowlands.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Miskito
People Name General: Miskito
Alternate People Names:
Nicaraguan Black
ROP3 Code: 106671
Joshua Project People ID: 13739
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 146,000
Population all Countries: 231,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Latin-Caribbean Americans
People Cluster: Central American Indigenous, other
People Name General: Miskito
Ethnic Code: MIR37z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Miskito (146,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): miq    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Sub-division:Protestant
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity90.00 %(Evangelical: 4.00 %)
Ethnic Religions5.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious5.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent15.00 %
Protestant60.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic25.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1889-1958
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1999
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Miskito
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Miskito
Text / Printed MatterBible: Miskitu Bible
Text / Printed MatterFather's Love Letter
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Miskito in Nicaragua

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Central American Indigenous, other     America, Latin    
      Miskito Nicaragua    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Miskito in Nicaragua          
      Religion Language  
      Christianity     Miskito  
    All Religions                              

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