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Nanumba in Ghana


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Nanumba in Ghana map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
80,000 Dagbani Islam 0.20 % 0.10 %   

Nanumba in Ghana

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Introduction / History
The Nanumba are located in eastern Ghana, primarily in the northern part of the Bimbila district, between the White Volta and Oti Rivers. Their language, also called Nanumba, is identical to a Gur language known as Dagbani. Many Nanumba also speak Hausa as a language of trade.

Although Nanumba claims to be an independent state, it has always been closely associated with its more powerful sister-state, Dagomba. Due to tribal wars, especially with the Konkomba, the population of Nanumba has recently been reduced significantly. In 1981, the Nanumba voted for the union of British Togo with Ghana and won, sending resentful, angry Konkomba across the border without farmlands. However, the inter-ethnic war cost the Nanumba hundreds of lives. Today, there is still dissension between the two tribes. More recently, there have been violent coups all over Ghana-the worst reported in the country's history.

What are their lives like?
Most of the Nanumba are farmers. They grow yams, peanuts, and corn on the open grasslands. Most farm work is done by the men; however, the women often assist in harvesting. The Nanumba also have side occupations such as weaving and carving. Crafted items are used for trade and as a means of subsidizing their meager agricultural earnings. Some of the Nanumba men also leave their homes for several months to work on southern cocoa plantations. Hunting and fishing are also important, and the meat is shared among all of the villagers.

The Nanumba have a relatively low standard of living. Kerosene stoves are available, but other commodities such as electricity and pure drinking water remain very poor. Water is drawn from a dammed river. This poor system causes bone diseases due to the Guinea worms that are prevalent in the water.

The Nanumba live in compact, oval-shaped, walled villages. Each household consists of related men, their wives, and their children. Their round, clay huts must be rebuilt every five years due to rain damage. The villages have no central building. The chief owns the land and leases portions of it to each family.

The Nanumba have a large family system, which is divided into hierarchically arranged clan units. The clan elders exercise moral authority over their units. The chief, who can only be the son of a previous chief, controls the judicial system, while the police enforce social control. The society is patrilineal, which means that the line of descent is traced through the males. However, spiritual attributes are recognized matrilineally, or through the females.

The most famous festival among the Nanumba is the Yam Festival. During this celebration they enjoy singing and dancing. The Nanumba still wear their traditional clothing. The children go to school when they reach the age of six; however, their primary duties include house work. Today, there is one state college in the Nanumba region.

What are their beliefs?
Most of the Nanumba practice ethnic religions. For many generations, they have practiced idol worship. Their traditional religion teaches that the "high creator" is unapproachable. They worship the spirits of their deceased ancestors as well as spirits of nature. The clan elders are the custodians of their ancestral shrines. Diviners are consulted about major crises or decisions.

Most of the Nanumba have become Muslim. The Nanumba Muslims celebrate festivals of the Islamic calendar, but they do not circumcise their male children.

What are their needs?
Additional missionaries and Christian materials are needed to effectively reach the Nanumba with the Gospel. Medical teams and supplies are also needed to minister to their physical needs.

Prayer Points
Pray that God will use the Nanumba believers to share the love of Jesus with their own people.
Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to any missions agencies laboring among the Nanumba.
Ask the Lord to raise up additional laborers to go into Ghana and work among these people.
Pray that God will open the hearts of the Nanumba leaders to receive the Gospel.
Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Nanumba.

View Nanumba in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-02-18
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-02-19
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Country: Ghana
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Northeast Tamale area, as far as Yendi
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Nanumba
People Name General: Nanumba
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 107080
Joshua Project People ID: 13950
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 80,000
Population all Countries: 80,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Gur
People Name General: Nanumba
Ethnic Code: NAB56a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Dagbani (80,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): dag    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Nanuni
Dialect Code:9071
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.20 %(Evangelical: 0.10 %)
Ethnic Religions20.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam79.80 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1935-1955
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 2006-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, complete Bible
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Dagbani
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoWalking with Jesus video
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralGospel resources links
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Dagbani
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Nanumba in Ghana

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Gur     Africa, West and Central    
      Nanumba Ghana    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Nanumba in Ghana          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Dagbani  
    All Religions                              

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