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Sama Bangingi, Northern Sama in Malaysia

Sama Bangingi, Northern Sama

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Sama Bangingi, Northern Sama in Malaysia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
5,400 Sama, Balangingih Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % No   

Sama Bangingi, Northern Sama in Malaysia

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Introduction / History
The Northern Sinama belong to a larger people group known as the Sama. The Sama originally inhabited the islands and coastal areas between the island of Mindanao and the Sulu Islands. Evidence suggests that they began to leave their homeland sometime in the first millennium AD, probably due to rapid growth of Chinese trade in the area. The founding of the Sulu Sultanate in the 1400s, along with the related expansion of maritime trade, appear to have hastened the southward spread of Sama-speaking islanders.

Today, the majority of the Northern Sinama live in the Philippines. The Northern Sinama of Malaysia live on the island of Sabah. They speak the Balangingi dialect of the Sama-Bajau language group.

The Sama are a highly fragmented people with no overall political unity. Specific Sama groups can be distinguished by dialect. However, most identify themselves with a particular island or island cluster.

What are their lives like?
The lives of the Northern Sinama revolve around fishing, seafaring, and trade, with some farming along the coastal strips. Throughout much of Sulu and eastern Sabah, copra (the meat of the coconut from which coconut oil is derived) is the major cash crop. Copra holdings are small, and few families own enough palms to support themselves entirely from copra sales.

Trade has also long occupied a central place in Sinama society. Since long ago, seafarers were valued as suppliers of trepang (sea cucumbers), dried fish, pearls, pearl shells, and other marine commodities.

Settlements, particularly those near the coastlines, are dense clusters of houses situated along well-protected stretches of shoreline. Houses, which are raised one to three meters above the ground or highest water mark, usually consist of a single rectangular room with an attached kitchen. Houses built over the water are connected by small bridges or planks.

Households are grouped in larger units called tumpuk, which means "clusters." The Northern Sinama live near their families and maintain close ties with their relatives. One household head is selected by the cluster members to act as the tumpuk spokesman. A parish consists of local groups whose members are affiliated with a single mosque. Sometimes, clusters and parishes are one and the same.

Among the Northern Sinama, both men and women share in agricultural labor and engage in trade. Fishing, building boats, and working with iron are primarily male occupations. Women generally weave mats and market pottery.

What are their beliefs?
All Northern Sinama are Shafiite Sunni Muslims. Those who are well versed in religious matters, including the imams (religious leaders) and other mosque officials are called paki or pakil. The paki preside over all major rites, act as religious counselors, and conduct minor rites of thanksgiving.

Friday prayers are performed in the parish mosque and are the climax of a weekly cycle of daily prayers. An annual religious calendar includes Ramadan (the ninth month in which all Muslims fast) and the prophet Mohammed's birthday.

Some of the Northern Sinama are animists (believe that non-living objects have spirits). Spirits of the dead are thought to remain in the vicinity of their graves. These spirits require offerings for appeasement. Some graves have reportedly become the sources of miracle working power.

During the month of Shaaban, it is said that Allah permits the souls of the dead (roh) to return to this world. To honor their return, the people offer special prayers to the dead and clean the grave areas.

What are their needs?
Since the early 1970s, the fight for independence has resulted in massive relocation of the islanders to other parts of the Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia. Muslim extremists are still very active and there have been numerous murders, kidnappings, and battles with the Philippine military forces. These fiercely independent people need to find their identity and future in Jesus in order to know peace.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to send forth laborers into Malaysia to work among the Northern Sinama.
* Ask God to provide a Gospel witness to go forth via radio in their area.
* Pray that God will give Northern Sinama believers boldness to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the spiritual soil of Malaysia through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a strong and growing Northern Sinama church for the glory of His name!

View Sama Bangingi, Northern Sama in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-03-10
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Country: Malaysia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:46 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Sabah: Coastal areas of Lahad Datu, Semporna, and Tawau districts; Some settlements in Kota Belud district.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Sama Bangingi, Northern Sama
People Name General: Sama Bangingi, Northern Sama
Alternate People Names:
Bangingi SamaNorthern Sinama
SamaSama, Northern
ROP3 Code: 107461
Joshua Project People ID: 14031
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 5,400
Population all Countries: 105,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Filipino, Muslim
People Name General: Sama Bangingi, Northern Sama
Ethnic Code: MSY44z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Sama, Balangingih
Language Code (ISO): sse    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1979-2009
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Sama, Balangingih
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Sama, Balangingih
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Sama Bangingi, Northern Sama in Malaysia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Filipino, Muslim     Asia, Southeast    
      Sama Bangingi, Northern Sama Malaysia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Sama Bangingi, Northern Sama in Malaysia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Sama, Balangingih  
    All Religions                              

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