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Nupe in Nigeria


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,802,000 Nupe-Nupe-Tako Islam 5.00 % 2.21 %   

Nupe in Nigeria

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Introduction / History
The Nupe consist of several subgroups of these people that all speak related languages. The Nupe trace their origins back to Tsoede an Igala prince from Idah during the 15th century. The Nupe state was brought about by conquest. They were influenced by the surrounding peoples' culture including the Benin and the Ife groups.

In 1796, when two rival Etsu, Jimada and Majiya II, claimed the throne. The Nupe continued in a period of political instability throughout the early 19th century. Muslims have had a big effect on the Nupe people. The first Islamic Nupe king ruled around 1770, and the Fulani conquest that occurred in stages around 1820 was even more influential.

The Bida Emirate was part of the English colony in Nigeria until Nigeria won it's independence in 1960. The capital of the Niger State then became Minna although Bida remains the largest primarily Nube city.

Where are they located?
The Nupe are occupying around 6,950 square miles of lowland in the Niger Basin. They are scattered over several states in west-central and northern Nigeria, but most of them live in Niger State. A sizeable number also lives in Kwara and Kogi states as well as in the Federal Capital Territory. Their major cities include Bida, Minna, Agaie, Lapai, Mokwa, Jebba, Lafiagi, and Pategi.

What are their lives like?
The Nupe live in large towns or cities called ezi as well as in smaller villages called tunga or kangi. They live in clusters of compounds forming a ward. A village chief assisted by the village elders are the main authority.

The Nupe are primarily farmers. Their main crops consist of millet, guinea-corn, yams, rice, and groundnuts. There are also quite a few fishermen in the Nupe villages on the coast.

Marriages are usually arranged, and polygynous marriages are common. The children are raised by their parents, grandparents, and older siblings. Children are to respect their parents and as well as share, cooperate, avoid quarrels.

What are their beliefs?
The Nupe are a primarily Muslim people now. However, a few people still worship the tradition spirits associated with natural objects as well as some Christians in certain areas.

What are their needs?
Nigeria is a hard place to live. There are constant displays of violence. An al-Qaeda ally, the Boko Haram routinely kidnaps young girls and ravages towns. This fundamentalist Islamic group is taking over parts of north-east Nigeria regularly killing any nonbelievers.

Prayer Points
* Pray that the Nupe Christians would be bold in sharing their faith with the other Nupe people
* Pray that the Islamic and traditional Nupe people would be open to the gospel and that God would soften their hearts
* Pray for Bibles to be distributed to the people that they may hear God's word
* Pray for the violent attacks throughout Nigeria to stop and for a more stable government to form


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Prayer Links
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Country: Nigeria
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
Persecution Rank:12 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Niger state: Mariga, Gbako, Agaie, and Lapai LGAs; Kwara state: Edu LGA; Kogi state: Kogi LGA; possibly Abuja Capital Territory.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Nupe
People Name General: Nupe
Alternate People Names:
Central NupeGanagana
ROP3 Code: 107516
Joshua Project People ID: 14069
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,802,000
Population all Countries: 1,802,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Nupe
People Name General: Nupe
Ethnic Code: NAB59m
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Nupe-Nupe-Tako
Language Code (ISO): nup    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Nupe
Dialect Code:1769
Secondary Languages:
Gupa-Abawa: Abawa (Unknown)
Total Languages: 2
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity5.00 %(Evangelical: 2.21 %)
Ethnic Religions1.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam94.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican50.00 %
Independent25.00 %
Protestant25.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 4   Greater than or equal to 2% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1877-1950
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1953-1989
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Nupe-Nupe-Tako
Film / VideoWalk with Jesus (Africa, JF Project)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Nupe in Nigeria

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Nupe     Africa, West and Central    
      Nupe Nigeria    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Nupe in Nigeria          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Nupe-Nupe-Tako  
    All Religions                              

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